What does my baby look like?
Your tiny person is 9mm, about the size of a little fingernail now.
The outer layer of the cushiony amniotic sac develops into the placenta. Its cells grow deep into the wall of your womb, creating a rich blood supply.
Your placenta will give your baby nutrients and oxygen through their umbilical cord. It has three vessels: One thick vessel carrying oxygenated blood and nutrients to the baby (they won’t breathe through their lungs until they're born), and two thinner vessels that carry blood containing waste-products back into your circulatory system.
Your symptoms - what's happening
Pass the pickles and ice cream, please
Been craving any crazy concoctions? Or maybe you’ve taken a sudden dislike to one of your favourite foods? Cravings aren’t uncommon in pregnancy but don’t be alarmed if you don’t get any, that’s totally normal too. Read about the 10 most-common pregnancy myths.
Actions to take
Choosing the best nutrition for you and your baby
You might not feel pregnant yet, but it’s time to start looking after yourself and your precious cargo. This week we're looking at food and nutrition in pregnancy.
Your body is working hard to grow a baby but it’s super-efficient, which means there’s no need to ‘eat for two’. You won’t need to up the calories until your final trimester (and that’s just by 200 calories a day). Tackle pregnancy munchies by eating small meals often to keep your blood sugar levels steady.
Find out what 200 calories looks like.
Eating a healthy, balanced diet in pregnancy will give you more energy and ensure your baby gets all the nutrients it needs.
“I used to eat a lot of junk food, but when I was pregnant I took healthy snacks to work instead - fruit, yoghurts and almonds - and I drank a lot of water.”
Nadia, mum of one
Find out more about managing your weight in pregnancy.
What foods are off limits?
At first trying to remember all the dos and don’ts in pregnancy – like which foods to avoid - feels like navigating a minefield. But don’t, you’ll soon get to grips with it. We’ve got lots of info to make it as straightforward as possible.
Read our tips to avoid food poisoning.
Vegetarian or vegan?
It’s perfectly possible to follow a vegetarian or vegan diet in pregnancy but it’s important to ensure it is varied and includes all the food groups. Learn more about planning your vegetarian or vegan diet to ensure your baby gets enough vitamin B12, riboflavin, iron, zinc, calcium and iodine.
Cutting down on caffeine
It’s important to limit your caffeine intake now that you’re pregnant. You might be surprised to learn that caffeine is not just found in coffee, but also in tea, chocolate and energy drinks! Decaffeinated tea and coffee, fruit juice or water are all good choices if you are used to drinking a lot of caffeinated drinks. Find out how much caffeine is in your daily diet.
1. Lennart Nilsson (2009) A Child is Born, Jonathan Cape, p.142.
2. Lennart Nilsson (2009) A Child is Born, Jonathan Cape, p.136.
3. Lennart Nilsson (2009) A Child is Born, Jonathan Cape, pp.138-140.
4. Lennart Nilsson (2009) A Child is Born, Jonathan Cape, p.204-205.Hide details
ℹLast reviewed on April 1st, 2015. Next review date April 1st, 2018.
By Annonymous (not verified) on 13 Mar 2018 - 21:46
I had my first beta blood test yesterday at 12 days past my 5day embryo transfer with IVF. My HCG level measured at 115. This seems very low to me compared to what I've read. What are your thoughts? Is this ok? Am I at a higher risk for miscarrying? Other women on the same time frame have HCG's around 300-600.
By Midwife @Tommys on 15 Mar 2018 - 16:05
Hi, HCG levels rise differently for all women. As a general rule they double about every 48-72 hours until about 8-10 weeks of pregnancy. However to reiterate this can differ significantly for each woman. HCG in itself it not a predictor of miscarriage. I understand this is an anxious time for you however please try to take it day by day. If we can support you at all then please do be in touch. Best wishes, Tommy's midwives.
By Nabiha (not verified) on 12 Mar 2018 - 11:02
Hello.. I am late for my periods this month by 5 days. I am having cramps on and off daily. And also vomitted . Fever and headache are constantly there since the missed date of period. Earlier I saw some brownish discharge on the day of period and later it vanished. And after 3 days I am getting vaginal discharge clear and watery could that be a sign of getting menstruation.. My food aversions and cravings are different now. So much dizziness and tiredness inside me. I have not tested yet. Scared of negative results.
By Midwife @Tommys on 12 Mar 2018 - 15:21
Hi Nabiha, Fever and headache are not usually signs of pregnancy and there could be other reasons for your fever. I would suggest that you do a pregnancy test which will help you to understand the causes of your symptoms.
By G (not verified) on 21 Feb 2018 - 17:42
I went for an internal ultra sound yday after pains and brown spotting. Was told by the GP that i was 7 weeks but the ultra sound confirmed i was actually 5 weeks and 1 day - they detected a tiny heart beat!
Since my ultra sound, i have experienced more brown blood than usual and after speaking with the hospital today, they did say some women to experience some bleeding after an internal scan but to contact back if it gets heavier.
There is no pain which is good - but i am just worried that this isnt normal?
It explains why i had brown spotting as it was around the time of my period that i found out which i have been told that brown blood is old blood?
Thanks in advance.
By Midwife @Tommys on 22 Feb 2018 - 11:26
Hi, Thank you for your comment.
It can be normal to have spotting in early pregnancy and brown loss does indicate old blood. It sounds reassuring that your are in no pain and that your loss has not got any heavier. This can be normal in early pregnancy and you have had a scan that again was reassuring. It is understandable that you are worried at this stage, but spotting can occur in early pregnancy, especially around the time when you expected a period. Try and rest and take it easy over the next few days, just keep an eye on things and if the loss does increase or you have any abdominal pain then please contact the hospital to be seen. Take care, hope this helps, Tommy's Midwives x
By Claire (not verified) on 17 Feb 2018 - 19:48
I’m about 5 weeks and 4days pregnant with my 3rd child I’m suffering from very mild backache and mild pelvis pains. I don’t really have any symptoms and worried something could be wrong. Is this normal
By Midwife @Tommys on 19 Feb 2018 - 14:39
Hi, Lots of women report aches and pains in early pregnancy. While I can't rule out miscarriage there could be many other reasons for the discomfort. If the pain gets any worse please see your GP for advice.
By San (not verified) on 25 Jan 2018 - 03:18
I am 5 weeks and 2 days but for the last few days I have a really uncomfortable feeling under my right rib do I need to go to doctor with this?? Starting to worry me this is my first pregancey so don't no way to expect..
By Midwife @Tommys on 25 Jan 2018 - 11:35
Hi, Thank you for your comment.
This early on in your pregnancy, a discomfort under your right rib may not be pregnancy related as the uterus is still well within your pelvis at this time. It is difficult to say what this could be but if this discomfort has been on going after a few days then it may be worth seeing your GP if you are concerned. They will be able to examine you and give you any treatment or advice if needed. Hope this helps, Take Care, Tommy's Midwives x
By Francesca (not verified) on 21 Jan 2018 - 19:14
I went for an early ultrasound at what should’ve been 6w1d due to painful cramps for several hours. I was scanned and I was showing at just over 4 weeks and there wasn’t anything to see. I’ve got to go back in 2 weeks but I’m really worried in as I’ve had a miscarriage before but last time there was bleeding. I have irregular cycles so the ultrasound tech said that it may well be ok.
I suppose the question I’m asking is if I have miscarried then is it possible I’d have no symptoms of this at all? The cramping lasted only about 48hrs and was on and off.
By Midwife @Tommys on 22 Jan 2018 - 16:18
Hi, Yes it is possible that a miscarriage doesn't show any symptoms initially, but it is reassuring that you have irregular periods as this could account for the dates being different and if you have no other symptoms there is every chance that this pregnancy will continue. Try to be patient and wait for the follow up appointment in 2 weeks as this will give you a clearer picture of what is happening. Best wishes
By Michelle (not verified) on 14 Jan 2018 - 20:21
I know the anti seizure tablets I've been taking are safe, as been told by doctor. I had a big operation 2 years ago and I have suspected seizures. I'm also on gabapentin for pain relief for headaches I am 4-5 weeks pregnant and unsure due to a lot of circumstances about what to do as this was a shock. Will gabapentin be harmful to baby? Thanks
By Midwife @Tommys on 15 Jan 2018 - 16:21
Hi. Please make an appointment to see your GP. All medications are personal and your GP will weigh up risks and benefits for you and discuss options. It is not advised to stop a medication without discussion with your consultant or GP.
By Megan (not verified) on 23 Oct 2017 - 17:06
I've been with my partner for around 3 months we were together before but my ex partner I was on the pill and using condoms, I had my period on the 11th of September for around 4/5 days it's was heavy and red I had took pregnancy tests from the end of I gust upwards and found out I was pregnant on the 16th of October if I was pregnant to my ex would it have shown up sooner? People are saying I'm showing slightly but I've been eating A LOT a lot more than usual...
By Midwife @Tommys on 24 Oct 2017 - 09:32
Thanks for your post. I'm sorry you've been worrying. As you're sure of your period and you were using contraception with your previous partner you are 6+1 weeks today. You won't be showing at this early stage of pregnancy but if you're appetite is bigger at the moment maybe this is the reason. You need to see your GP and he/she will refer you to the midwife. You will also have your first scan usually between 11-13 +6 weeks. This will also date your pregnancy.
I hope this helps.
Wishing you a healthy pregnancy
By Anonymous (not verified) on 13 Aug 2017 - 15:14
Pls help. I just found out I'm pregnant. 5 weeks already but I took ketoconazole tablet 2 weeks ago for skin itching. I'm so confused right now
By Midwife @Tommys on 14 Aug 2017 - 16:13
Hi. Unfortunately there are no studies on pregnant women for us to know whether this is safe in early pregnancy. That doesn't mean it is unsafe, it means that we don't know. Why not discuss this with your doctor or pharmacist for their expert advice. Best wishes x
By Jess (not verified) on 19 Jul 2017 - 09:53
I've just recently found out that I am pregnant, but during the last couple of days I have been have cramps in my stomach most of the time it feels like period pains other times its just like I've got a stitch in my sides, I don't know if this is normal as this is my first pregnancy
By Midwife @Tommys on 19 Jul 2017 - 10:41
It can be normal to get some cramping in the early first couple of weeks of pregnancy- which often corresponds to implantation of the cells into the uterine wall.
But if this abdominal pain is constant and intense, more on one side than the other, causes fresh red blood from down below or anything that concerns you then it is worth booking an emergency Gp appointment. The GP can refer you onto your local early pregnancy assessment unit which involves a review and sometimes a scan if they are concerned about your symptoms.
Please take care of yourself and feel free to call us on 0800 0147800 if you have any more concerns.
By Anonymous (not verified) on 12 May 2017 - 19:53
Hi. I'm 5 weeks pregnant and blood group o negative. I have had an ectopic pregnancy and a missed miscarriage (10 weeks) in the past. Following both of my losses I was never given anti d injections. I'm now worried that this might impact on this pregnancy. Is my baby at risk due to my blood rh negative status?
By Midwife @Tommys on 15 May 2017 - 16:22
Hi Lesley, The guidelines state that anti D does not need to be given after a miscarriage before 12 weeks. https://www.rcog.org.uk/en/guidelines-research-services/guidelines/anti-d-after-miscarriage---query-bank/
When you go for your first set of routine blood tests usually before your 12 week scan, they will test to check that you don't have any abnormal antibodies in your blood. You will then be advised to have a routine injection of anti D at 28 weeks.
Best wishes Tommy's midwives x