Early pregnancy symptoms
If you notice one or more of these symptoms, it might be an early sign of pregnancy and a good idea to take a pregnancy test.
• Late period
• Extreme tiredness
• Need to wee more often
• A metallic taste in your mouth
• Sensitivity to smells
• Tender or sore breasts.
Read more about common early signs of pregnancy.
How do pregnancy tests work?
Pregnancy tests work by detecting one of the key early signs of pregnancy: a hormone called human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG). This hormone is only made when a woman is pregnant.
Traces of hCG can be found in the urine from three to four days after implantation, but the concentration needs to continue to build up to a level at which the test can detect it and give a positive result. The best time to take a pregnancy test is from the day that the period is missed.
Where can I get a pregnancy test?
GP pregnancy test
These tests are either free or a small fee is charged.
You’ll need to take a sample of your urine in a clean container (you can get sample pots from your GP’s surgery). The best time to collect a urine sample is first thing in the morning. This is because levels of hCG will have built up overnight.
If the urine sample is tested on the spot, you probably will be given the result after just a few minutes. You may have to wait up to a few days for the pregnancy test results though.
Home pregnancy test
These tests are available to buy from chemists or supermarkets and enable you to find out if you are pregnant in private after a few minutes.
The tests are considered to be quite accurate, although it is essential that you follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully.
Choose a kit that you think will be easy for you to use and make sure that you understand what mark or symbol will appear if the test is positive.
Find out more about taking a pregnancy test.
How accurate is the pregnancy test?
It is important to know that whilst a positive result is likely to be accurate, a negative result may be misleading. Some women have a negative result and test again a week later to find that it is positive.
This is due to the levels of pregnancy hormone gradually building up to a level at which they can be detected. If you test yourself very early on and you have a negative result, you should carry out another test in 2-3 days’ time if you have still not had a period.
If you continue to get negative results and still no period, you should consult your doctor.
What should I do if I am pregnant?
Once you get a positive pregnancy test, make an appointment to see your doctor or a midwife.
Tell the doctor’s surgery that you have had a positive pregnancy test result as you might need a longer appointment.
Your doctor’s surgery should be able to advise you of their procedure.
- Macdonald S, Magill-Cuerden J (2012) Mayes’ midwifery, 14th edition, London Balliere Tindall
ℹLast reviewed on June 13th, 2017. Next review date June 13th, 2020.
By Tiffany (not verified) on 8 Mar 2018 - 05:10
Im 18 years old and i’m just a little confused. Excuse my language in advance. But I missed my period, december 2017, but i didn’t think nothing of it because i thought maybe it can be a cycle change(because i do have irregular periods). So when January came i began to bleed and i caught my period for 4 days like it usually should be. However i still took a pregnancy test(it came out negative) and i went to the doctor to see why i missed my period in december. The doctors test also came back negative for the pregnancy test. All she told me was to eat healthier and exercise daily. However when February came i didn’t really get my period, however i was spotting blood throughout the whole month. So I’m a little confused. Here it is March and Im just waiting to see what happens this time before i go to the hospital. I need answers
By Midwife @Tommys on 9 Mar 2018 - 11:21
Hi Tiffany, It is not unusual for your periods to be irregular particularly if you are a teenager. If you have a negative pregnancy test this month there is no reason to think there is a problem. The doctor's advice to eat well and to exercise is the best thing to do. Try to maintain a healthy weight and normal BMI (Body mass index) and this will give you the best chance of a healthy pregnancy when you are ready to conceive.
By Aprilkate (not verified) on 4 Mar 2018 - 14:42
Hi im April and im just 17 years old. And i have maybe an irregular period because i have been experience this 01-03-18 a early mens so im really over thinking why its so early? My real due date every month is 26th day. Then its just a 3 days, but i was shock when im bleeding again this 01-16-18 i just remember that im almost bleeding 1week or more. And before i forgot i am active in sex, (Sorry for the words but i need help so im just saying honest) and almost everyday making love with my partner even i have period. Then this 02-04-18 my period was coming early again and im bleeding for just 4days. After that im suppose to waiting my period on my due date 02-26-18. Then after my early period i have experience a lot of symptoms, i was thinking and getting crazy because of that. Almost all the symptoms of pregnancy at the first trimester(nausea and breast pain not include to my symptoms). And i decide to take a pregnancy test 02-25-18 the first result is possitive but really fainted line, second is negative, i take two PT that time and i use that two pregnancy test 8pm. So i decide to wait until the next month. Before i take a test again the symptoms is getting more wild when a few days before my next period. So now 03-04-18 i was feel so sad and really dissapointed because i start bleeding 2am and its just a mild color(light red) but after a few hours its getting heavy and some black spot of blood or looks like a mucus covering with blood, but i think if im not changing pad until this 5am, maybe my pad is still not full. I just feel painful today and its my first time since when i was young. But i still feel the symptoms like bloating, crampings, pain to my lower right side that i feel like have needle inside, back pains and frequent urination, high temperature, some darkening to my skin, and tiredness, mood swings etc. So this night im really confuse i dont know what will i do, i dont what i want to expect, and did i need to get more pregnancy test after my this bleeding?
Or what? Please give me answers, i dont really know what to do now! How can i explain this to my friends, to my boyfriend. To who know that im pregnant.
By Midwife @Tommys on 6 Mar 2018 - 12:13
It sounds like you are having a really confusing time and I'm really sorry as you sound like you are unwell with the pain, frequent urination and high temperature.
I am not sure whether you have repeated another pregnancy test this month but the other symptoms are not normal and you do need to be seen as you might have an infection that needs treatment. You also need to let your doctor know that you think you might be pregnant. If you are April you need to know how pregnant you are so that you have choices about what happens next. Please let us know how you're doing and email again [email protected]
Thinking of you
By Jem (not verified) on 21 Feb 2018 - 15:09
I have some symptoms what's says above .. Didn't take a test yet. Still waiting 3 days before iill take the lreganancy test.
By Midwife @Tommys on 21 Feb 2018 - 15:19
Please feel free to contact us if you have a positive pregnancy test and need any further advice on your symptoms. Hormones during menstruation and pregnancy can cause many similar symptoms, you are right.
Please take care
By Charlotte (not verified) on 4 Feb 2018 - 21:14
I started my last period 16th December which lasted for 2 weeks which I have never experienced before. I then had unprotected sex on the 30th 31st Dec and 1st Jan when the bleeding was very light. Then a week later around the 7th Jan I had spotting for 3 days, also never experienced this before. Iv still nit had a period is there a chance I could be pregnant? I am still breastfeeding my 10 month old.
By Midwife @Tommys on 5 Feb 2018 - 16:51
Hello, Firstly, How lovely that you are still feeding your little one. Yes there is a chance that you could be pregnant and I suggest that you do a test to find out. Breast feeding is not a reliable form of contraception! If not then don't worry too much. It can take time for your cycle to return to normal. If you still don't have a normal period when you stop feeding, let your GP know. Best wishes
By Shay (not verified) on 20 Jan 2018 - 11:44
Hi, I'm 26 and have recently been diagnosed with PCOS in one ovary. I have regular periods, every 25-30 day. I took Depo-Provera injection(i think it's this one), in January 2016,however, I recall doctor saying it wil last 6 months rather than 3 months which I have read up online (i may be mistaken). After this first injection, I didn't go back for a second injection that year. Through the rest of the year I was bleeding nearly every week up until October (approx) where I started to get regular monthly periods. Ever since than I have been been having unprotected sex with my partner in the hope to get pregnant and it's not happening. It's been minimum of 12-14 months of trying. I have gained weight over the past year, but I'm not over weight. BMI is ok. I've recently joined the gym though for general fitness. Please advise
By Janice (not verified) on 17 Jan 2018 - 18:25
I’ve been trying for a baby since April’17. I had been using ovulation kits but none showed I was ovulating. I have 1 child that is 4.
I have sore breast, lower back pain and dizzy. According to my app my period is due tomorrow. My periods are never the same length.
Do you think I could be pregnant or just usual period symptoms? I usually get sore breasts when my period is due. Should I test tomorrow or wait until this weekend?
By Midwife @Tommys on 19 Jan 2018 - 12:55
It is difficult to know whether or not you are pregnant however if you have noted these symptoms and if you period does not come when due then, allowing for a few days, it would be worth taking a pregnancy test. If this is negative and you period still does not come after a week or so then repeat the test. If you continue to try for a pregnancy and this does not happen, then after a year of trying we would advise to see your GP for a review. I hope this helps, please of be in touch if we can help further ([email protected]). Best wishes x
By sarah (not verified) on 14 Jan 2018 - 18:46
We have a 6 year old and are both 43. We decided a year ago we would like to try for another but so far nothing. GP said out of their hands as we are "old" and already have a child! Not sure what to do...
By Midwife @Tommys on 15 Jan 2018 - 12:30
It is quite true that funding for fertility treatment is limited on the NHS and the main reason for this is that success rates decline rapidly as we get older. Many clinics have a cut-off at the age of 40-42. For those who can afford it, treatment in the private sector is an option and there are details on the 'Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority' website. Hope this helps
By Amie (not verified) on 4 Jan 2018 - 21:24
Hi Tommys Midwife,
I came off the pill on the 25th october, had my usual period after, but ive had nothing since then, so im 2 months late, ive had an increased appetite, put weight on, boobs are sore, certain smells are a little more stronger then usual, would it be worth taking a test or is it all some side effects of coming off the pill?
By Midwife @Tommys on 5 Jan 2018 - 13:50
These symptoms can be due to a number of causes but if you have had intercourse then there is a chance that you are pregnant, but only a pregnancy test will provide you with the answer. If you take a test and it is positive then we would advise you to take folic acid and see your GP to be referred to a midwife. If the test is negative then it could be due to the change in hormone levels due to stopping the pill. If the symptoms continue and your period does not come then do see your GP to be reviewed.
By Lauren (not verified) on 30 Dec 2017 - 12:45
Hi i had been on the pill for 3 years and this febuary i stopped taken it and a few times we have had unprotected sex other times used condoms but i have been having pains in belly , sore boobs and lower back & really sensitive to smells which is something new, i also have brown discharge constantly & sometimes spot after sex but not a normal period colour blood
By Midwife @Tommys on 3 Jan 2018 - 15:03
it is difficult to say for sure if you could be pregnant. You have not mentioned if you have missed your period, or if you have done 1 or more pregnancy tests.
If you have not, then it might be worthwhile doing a pregnancy test. If this is negative, you may wish to go to visit your GP and see if they feel that you need a review by a Gynae specialist. Please do take good care of yourself. Tommy's Midwife
By anonymous (not verified) on 15 Dec 2017 - 00:58
So basically I have been diagnosed with P.C.O.S (Poly cystic ovarian syndrome). I've had my implant out since February and never used any protection with my partner since, however I also don't have periods anymore so I was wondering if it is possible I could be pregnant as I've been bloated past few days, and been nausea throughout the past few days, and been going to the loo alot more. I'm just unsure of my own situation as the condition that I have hasn't really been explained to me very well so all I know is what I've read up on the internet and I don't want to believe everything that is written on the internet.
By Midwife @Tommys on 15 Dec 2017 - 09:28
It is unlikely that you are pregnant given that you have not had any periods since stopping your contraception, however it is not impossible and there is still a chance. The only way to know is to take a pregnancy test, even if this comes back negative, if your symptoms continue you may want to repeat it in a week in case it is early as you do not have any periods dates to go by. If you would like to talk further about PCOS and conception or anything else then do email us to [email protected] and we can support you in more detail. x
By Anonymous (not verified) on 1 Dec 2017 - 22:29
Hi I had unprotected sex back at the end of July. But my partner didn’t ejaculate inside me. I’m 46 . Early August I felt so tired and run down I did a pregnancy test but it was negative. However I had no usual symptoms like sore breasts etc. I did suffer from vertigo for about 2 months but the doctor said could be caused by an ear infection. I am having my usual periods with period pains. But my belly seems to have recently really grown and feels heavy. I have done 2 pregnancy tests this week but both neg. I’m really worried, as I’m no longer with my partner and don’t want any more children. Is it possible to have what seem to be periods and test negative but be pregnant? I have felt often do tired but have a very busy schedule so put it down to that and winter . Advice please?
By Midwife @Tommys on 4 Dec 2017 - 12:16
Hi, No, please try not to worry that your symptoms are related to a pregnancy. With 2 negative pregnancy tests you can be sure that you are not pregnant. I would advise that you make an appointment to see your doctor as these symptoms can be related to other causes. Hope this helps.
By Anonymous (not verified) on 28 Nov 2017 - 18:49
Hi, can I be pregnant?
Me and my partner are currently not using any protection. Last month I came on my period but it was light and only lasted 2 days. The last few days I've had lower back pain, which I feel like it needs clicking. It's an irritating pain. I've been having belly flutters if that makes sense and sometimes cramp. I am a smoker and have noticed that when smoking my mouth seems to water a lot, which is unusual. I've been going to the toilet more than usual too... I've also been craving random food. To top it off, my emotions are all over the place at the minute, I get upset and annoyed over things that i wouldn't necessary do.
By Midwife @Tommys on 29 Nov 2017 - 09:10
Hi there. All of your symptoms can be somewhat linked to pregnancy, but are also generic experiences outside of pregnancy. If you and your partner are not using contraception, then it is possible that you may be pregnant. I would advise you to take a pregnancy test to confirm this either way for you. If your periods are suddenly very different from what you are used to, and the pregnancy test is negative, then i would suggest that you go to your GP who can decide if you would benefit from a referral to a gynecologist or not. Please take care of yourself.
Sophie, Tommy's Midwife
By Anonymous (not verified) on 27 Nov 2017 - 11:55
Hi, on the 22nd o November I started spotting brown blood after intercourse with my partner and done it for nearly 2 days as I was due my period it's been 4 days with out no blood what so ever but no symptoms of pregnancy could this be an early sign of pregnancy as I've never been pregnant before?
By Midwife @Tommys on 28 Nov 2017 - 16:18
Thank you for your comment. Spotting is common in early pregnancy but not a usual sign of early pregnancy. If your period is late or lighter than normal then I would advise you do a pregnancy test.
I have attached 2 links with more information about early signs of pregnancy that you may find helpful
Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information or call Tommy's PregnancyLine 0800 0147 800
By Linda (not verified) on 27 Nov 2017 - 04:20
I'm wondering if I might be pregnant as my tummy feels a little hard when I push slightly in on my tummy and I've not had my period I'm very irregular when it comes to my period but often happens by now should I buy a pg test just in case
By Midwife @Tommys on 28 Nov 2017 - 10:08
Thank you for your comment
There could be several reasons why your tummy feels hard when you push on it-I would advise that you see your GP about this. I would also advise that you take a pregnancy test as your period is late.
I have attached 2 links that you may find helpful:
By danielle (not verified) on 22 Nov 2017 - 00:30
I have missed my period for 57 days according to the clue app I use on my phone and haven’t had my period since September. I had sex 2 weeks ago and we found that the condom had split. The morning After that I went to a health clinic and had a morning after pill and was also given oral contraceptives to take everyday. The doctor I saw said that I have to wait three weeks to take a test and that falls on this Friday. I’m freaked out as me and my boyfriend are 18 and aren’t planning on having a baby together anytime soon
I am due to come on my period today but I have had none of my usual feelings the way I do days before I am due on but the doctor also said it is possible the pill could mess with my period. I am very scared and don’t know what to do until Friday
By Midwife @Tommys on 22 Nov 2017 - 10:37
I can understand why you and your partner are very anxious! But as your doctor has said, the morning after pill can really disrupt your menstrual cycle and cause your period to come earlier/late/out of sync with your normal pattern! The pill can also take sometime to adjust and settle within your menstrual cycle. I know its really nerve wracking, but taking a test before friday is likely to give you a false result. It will be too early to take the test before, which could give a false negative result if you were somehow pregnant. Waiting until friday or maybe even after that, will give you an accurate result either way. Personally, I feel that it is very unlikely that you are pregnant after taking the morning after pill and the daily pill. So please try not to worry too much! take care of yourself and feel free to get in touch if you need any more advice. Sophie, Tommy's Midwife
By Kelly (not verified) on 27 Oct 2017 - 15:30
Hello all my last period was 24/9/17. When I was Ovulating I had unprotected sex. On 16/10/17 I had wiped and they was some pinkish brownish discharge some days before my period....... then no period week late ....... but negative PG test ..... have I done it too early or can this mean I’m not pregnant ?
By Midwife @Tommys on 27 Oct 2017 - 16:14
Hi Kelly, there is a chance still that you could be pregnant and that when you did the pregnancy test it was simply just a little early and the hormone level was not high enough to be detected. If you period still has not come then it maybe worth repeating a pregnancy test about a week after you did the previous test. The brownish pinkish discharge could have been an implantation bleed. If you continue to have negative tests and no period then it would be worth seeing the GP for a blood test. In the meantime if you are trying to conceive then it is important that you are taking a folic acid supplement if you are not already. Tommy's midwives
By Anonymous (not verified) on 25 Oct 2017 - 17:32
I have a cycle of 29days each month. I thought I was having an implantation bleed on day 22 and 23. nothing on day 24 then day 25 I started my period :(. My appetite has increased and my boobs are tingly. could I be pregnant and when should I take a test???
By Midwife @Tommys on 26 Oct 2017 - 12:48
Hi, Thank you for your comment.
If you have started your period then it is highly unlikely that you are pregnant, increased appetite and tender breasts can also happen when having a period. If this is not a normal period for you or is lighter then normal, then it would be advisable that you take a pregnancy test as it may be spotting in early pregnancy. If you have any concerns or worries you can always see your GP for further advice. Hope this helps, take care, Tommy's Midwives x
By Anonymous (not verified) on 21 Oct 2017 - 09:34
Hiya me and my boyfriend have been together 2 years and for the past year we have been having unprotected sex, I have been having a lot of back pains at faint cramping and also a lot of headaches I have missed my period do you think that this could mean I am pregnant because I was unsure to do a test incase it was too early:)
By Midwife @Tommys on 23 Oct 2017 - 11:20
Hello, You can take a pregnancy test from the date that your period is missed. If you are planning a pregnancy, please make sure that you are taking your folic acid and that you avoid alcohol and smoking and eat a balanced diet. Best wishes to you
By Anonymous (not verified) on 20 Oct 2017 - 12:59
I had a miscarriage on the 13 of September, ever since then i have not had my period. Is it a sign of a Second pregnancy
By Midwife @Tommys on 23 Oct 2017 - 11:13
Hi. It is possible that your period is irregular since your miscarriage, but if you suspect that you may be pregnant it would be worth taking a pregnancy test to check. Take care
By Anonymous (not verified) on 12 Oct 2017 - 11:25
Me and my partner aren't currently using protection haven't really since the last time in April I was meant to have my next depo pill injection. I'm in my 30's and he's 27. We've spoke about trying to start a family next summer of 2018 but we've also spoke if I have an accidental pregnancy too. I went to the doctors last month due to something else and they took a pregnancy test and it was negative. I have gained a lot of weight from the pill and also my doing of eating bad. But now I'm starting to lose weight again. But my breasts have been the worst they are soooo sore, to touch, to hold and to put a bra on and off! I want sure if it's the bra and the bra fitter said it can't be as iv been messured properly and there isn't anyway my the bra isn't right. My partner checks them nearly twice a month, I cringe doing it myself! Everything is fine too. The only thing is it may aswell be hormones I just need a reasurance and what to do next?? Thank you
By Midwife @Tommys on 12 Oct 2017 - 11:45
Hi, Thank you for your comment.
Sore breasts can be a sign of pregnancy, so if you have not been using any form of contraception then there may be a possibility of you being pregnant. It would be advisable to wait and see if you miss your period, if you do then take a pregnancy test. Sometimes your natural cycle can cause you to have tender breasts as well but if you still unsure then you can always see your GP for further reassurance. Hope this helps, Take Care, Tommy's Midwives x
By Sharon (not verified) on 5 Oct 2017 - 21:11
Hiya. My boyfriend had the snip about 8year ago but for the past 2 weeks I've started feeling sick and really tired. Every time I try to eat or drink coffee then a feel sick again it's non stop. I belly feels sore and my back and I've been feeling dizzy to. Is this Inpossible
By Midwife @Tommys on 6 Oct 2017 - 12:12
There is a very small chance that pregnancy can still occur if your partner has had 'the snip' however this is very slim and unlikely. If you think however that you maybe pregnant then it is best to do a pregnancy test to rule this out. If this is negative and your symptoms continue then make an appointment to go and see your GP. Tommy's Midwives
By Sarah-jayne (not verified) on 5 Oct 2017 - 15:54
Hi I'm Sarah and I'm 22 and I'm feeling tired and very sluggish and haven't been sick or dizzy so does it also come or does skip that part and I'm late for mY period?
By Midwife @Tommys on 5 Oct 2017 - 16:31
Hi Sarah. Thank you for your comment. Each woman experiences early pregnancy and related symptoms differently; some have nausea/vomiting from the start, others may experience this later in 1st trimester or not at all. If your period is late then I would advise that you do a pregnancy test to confirm your pregnancy. If its positive then you can start to organise your pregnancy care-it's recommended to book early (between 8-12 weeks) into maternity unit of your choice and having your 1st or dating scan. The attached link has more information for you about antenatal care
If your pregnancy test is negative and you are still concerned about the symptoms you are having, I would advise you to discuss this with your GP
By Kirsty (not verified) on 26 Sep 2017 - 09:57
Hi, I have had my period as usual but recently noticed the tummy flutters I experienced with my son. I'm also very tired but no other symptoms. Could I be pregnant again?
By Midwife @Tommys on 26 Sep 2017 - 10:44
Hi Kirsty, if you have had unprotected sex recently, then it might be sensible to take a pregnancy test. However, if you have recently had your period as usual, then it is unlikely that you are feeling fetal movements as you are unlikely to be very far gone. It could simply be food digesting. Please do take a pregnancy test so that you know one way or another. All the best
By Jane (not verified) on 14 Sep 2017 - 18:03
Hi, i am 33years old, i and my boyfriend has been trying for a baby for the past one and half years. is there anything i can do to get pregnant fast. although my bf is 47yrs , as i also think if it has anything to do with age. please i need your advice. Thanks
By Midwife @Tommys on 18 Sep 2017 - 10:17
Hi - thank you for message. Each woman's menstrual cycle is different, so getting to know your body better can improve your chances of conception. Have a look at our information pages on getting pregnant, how conception works and you may find our ovulation calculator useful too.
We also have a section on male fertility which you may find helpful regarding your concerns about your partners age.
By Anonymous (not verified) on 14 Sep 2017 - 16:27
Hi, I'm really worried i came off my period 18th August but was at like rabbits no contraption was used at my most fertil time. I was due on my period today 14th September but Ive had like nothing more like spotting. Could I be pregnant. Help
By Midwife @Tommys on 18 Sep 2017 - 10:10
Hi - Thank you for your message. If you are having unprotected sex, it is possible to become pregnant.
Traces of hCG can be found in your urine from three to four days after the fertilised egg implants in your womb (uterus) and the amount present builds up each day. A pregnancy test can only detect hCG and give a positive result when there's enough of the hormone to measure. With most tests, this means you can take them from the day you miss your period. If your periods were irregular you might not be sure when this. You can take the test anyway but if it is negative, repeat it after a week to check again.
By Anonymous (not verified) on 2 Sep 2017 - 07:57
So i just turned 16 and me and my boyfriend decided to have sex, I'm not on any form of contraception however he did use a condom but he ejaculated inside the condom during ded& I really don't want to be pregnant so I'm extremely paranoid, do you think my paranoia is making me think I'm pregnant? I haven't vomited however I am experiencing back pains and am urinating a lot more frequently but I think maybe it could be a urinary Tract infection as it is uncomfortable to urinate. My next period is due on the 12th of September ( in 10 days). Can you give me advice please on what you think it could be:)