Pre-eclampsia statistics

Pre-eclampsia is a condition that affects some pregnant women, usually during the second half of pregnancy (from around 20 weeks) or soon after their baby is delivered.

Pre-eclampsia statistics

What is pre-eclampsia?

Preeclampsia is a condition that affects pregnant women in the second half of pregnancy (from around 20 weeks) or soon after a baby is delivered.

What are the symptoms?

Early signs include high blood pressure and having protein in the urine. Further symptoms may include swelling of the feet, ankles, face and hands, severe headache, vision problems and pain just below the ribs.

What causes pre-eclampsia?

The exact cause of pre-eclampsia is not known and more research needs to be done into the condition. However, it’s thought that there is a link between pre-eclampsia and problems with the placenta.

What is the cure for pre-eclampsia?

There is currently no cure for pre-eclampsia. Delivering the baby is the only ‘cure,’ which is why it is a major cause of preterm birth.

Pre-eclampsia FAQ

• Pre-eclampsia affects 4-5% of pregnancies in the UK and 2-8% globally.

• Sever pre-eclampsia pregnancies develop in around 1-3% of UK pregnancies.

• 8-10% of all preterm births result from hypertensive disorders, including pre-eclampsia

• 1 in 6 women who have had pre-eclampsia will have it again in a future pregnancy.

Sources

[1] Science Direct, Accessible at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0146000509000214

[2] NHS Choices. Pre-eclampsia. Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Pre-eclampsia/Pages/Introduction.aspx (accessed 2 February 2016).

[3] NHS Choices. Pre-eclampsia. Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Pre-eclampsia/Pages/Introduction.aspx (accessed 2 February 2016).

[4] Royal Berkshire NHS Foundation Trust. Maternity information. Possible complications in pregnancy. 2013. Available at: http://www.royalberkshire.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets/Maternity/Maternity---possible-complications-in-pregnancy.htm (accessed 2 February 2016).

[5] Science Direct, Accessible at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0146000509000214

[6] NHS Choices. Pre-eclampsia: causes. Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pre-eclampsia/Pages/Causes.aspx (accessed 2 February 2016).

[7] NICE Guidelines.  Accessible at: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg107/chapter/introduction (accessed 2 February 2016).

[8] RCOG, Accessible at: https://www.rcog.org.uk/en/patients/patient-leaflets/pre-eclampsia/

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Clyburn P, Collis R, Harries S. Obstetric anaesthesia for developing countries. Oxford: OUP, 2010.

Jeyabalan A. Epidemiology of preeclampsia: impact of obesity. Nutrition Reviews 2013;71(suppl 1):18–25.

 

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