Both are caused by damage to tiny blood vessels that can be affected by high blood glucose levels and high blood pressure. You will be checked at regular intervals before and through your pregnancy to make sure you are not developing these conditions. Ideally, you will checked before pregnancy to check your level and followed-up during pregnancy to make sure there aren’t any signs of changes that are a concern. If there are concerns, you may be referred to a specialist team.
Is a condition that affects the blood vessels in your eyes, damaging the retina. It can worsen as a result of high blood glucose levels in early pregnancy and high blood pressure. If left untreated, it can cause blurred vision and, ultimately, blindness. Treatments include laser therapy.
You’ll be offered screening tests for retinopathy at or soon after your first antenatal clinic visit, and also after 28 weeks. If signs of it are found at the first screening test, you’ll be offered an extra test between weeks 16 and 20.
If you are found to be at risk of serious eye problems, you’ll be referred to an eye specialist.
Is another name for kidney disease. If your kidneys become damaged your body loses its ability to filter out waste products from your blood. If you have nephropathy in pregnancy, this may affect your blood pressure, which can lead to pre-eclampsia.
- Diabetes UK. Eyes (retinopathy), http://www.diabetes.org.uk/Guide-to-diabetes/Complications/Retinopathy.
- NHS Choices. Diabetes – diabetic eye screeninghttp://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Diabetes/Pages/diabetic-eye-screening.aspx
- Patient.info. Diabetetic Nephropathy, http://patient.info/doctor/diabetic-nephropathy
If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes in pregnancy you will get extra care.
You will need to manage your type 1 or 2 diabetes in pregnancy by checking your blood glucose levels and adjusting your treatment according to the results.
Women with type 1 or 2 diabetes are at higher risk of some complications but the majority have normal pregnancies and healthy babies. There is much you can do to reduce the risks, for you and baby.
Many women with type 1 or 2 diabetes go on to have a healthy birth. But you are at higher risk of complications so your healthcare team will have recommendations for the birth of your baby.
If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, you should to talk to your healthcare team if you are thinking about having a baby. There are some things you can do now to make your upcoming pregnancy safer.
The fact that you have type 1 or 2 diabetes in pregnancy does not mean that your baby will get it as a child. But they will have an increased risk of getting it later due to genetics.
Information and support for type 1 or 2 diabetes in pregnancy
ℹLast reviewed on September 1st, 2015. Next review date September 1st, 2017.