1. You have Braxton Hicks contractions
During your pregnancy, you may feel your tummy tighten for a few seconds, then relax again. This can happen from the middle of your pregnancy and are thought of as 'practice' contractions. They do not mean you are in labour and are nothing to worry about.
As the end of pregnancy approaches, Braxton Hicks contractions may become more powerful, so it's easy to mistake them for the start of labour. Braxton Hicks contractions are irregular and don't last very long. Although they can be uncomfortable, they aren’t painful.
Find out more about the difference between Braxton Hicks and labour contractions.
Contact your midwife, birth centre or labour ward for advice if you're worried that the tightenings you're feeling might be the start of labour.
2. Your baby settles into position
Babies move around a lot in your womb during pregnancy but at some point in late pregnancy your baby will get into position for birth. If this is your first baby, you may find he or she is already in position by 35 weeks.
Remember, you should continue to feel your baby move right up to the time you go into labour and during labour. If you think your baby’s movements have slowed down, stopped or changed, contact your midwife or maternity unit immediately. Find out more about your baby’s movements.
The most common position for birth is head down with your baby's back facing outwards, which is called an anterior position. The is the ideal position for giving birth, because your baby may fit through your pelvis more easily.
If your baby is head-down but facing your tummy, this is called the posterior position. Some midwives and antenatal teachers believe that spending time leaning forwards (for example, being on your hands and knees or leaning forward over a beanbag or birth ball) can help encourage them to turn.
Whether your baby turns or not, you may find it comfortable to be in this during late pregnancy and labour, so it's worth a try.
Find out more about getting your baby in the best position for birth.
Your baby is in breech position if they are sitting bottom or feet down in the womb. If your baby is in a breech position at 36 weeks, you may be offered an external cephalic version (ECV). This is when a doctor tries to turn the baby into a head-down position by putting pressure on your stomach.
Find out more about what happens when your baby is breech.
If this is your first baby, they will usually may move down into your pelvis before the birth. This is called 'engaging' and when it happens any breathlessness you've been feeling will probably ease. Second or later babies may also do this, but it may not happen as early.
If you're having twins or triplets, your babies may be in different positions. All the babies’ positions are important, but your healthcare team will be more interested in the position of the first baby when considering how you will give birth.
3. You have a 'show'
When you are pregnant, a small plug of mucus blocks the entrance to your cervix (the neck of your womb).
As your cervix begins to stretch and get ready for the birth, this mucus plug starts to come away and you may notice it on your underwear. This is called a ‘show’, although not everyone will experience this.
The show is pink because it’s bloodstained. It’s normal to lose a small amount of blood with the mucus, but if you’re losing more blood it may be a sign something is wrong. Call your hospital or midwife straight away if you’re concerned.
Your labour may not start for hours or even days after you lose the mucus plug. Or you could already be in early labour. If you're full term when the mucus plug comes out, you may have other signs that labour has started.
If you think the mucus plug has come out before you're 37 weeks pregnant, call your midwife. You may not be in labour, but it’s best to get checked out.
4. Your waters break
Your baby develops inside a bag of fluid called the amniotic sac. When your baby is ready to be born the sac breaks and the fluid comes out through your vagina. This is your waters breaking. Your waters may break at any time during labour. Some babies are even born in their waters.
You may have a big gush of water or just a trickle, so you may not be sure whether your waters have broken or you've just wet yourself. If you think your waters have broken, contact your midwife or hospital straight away as they may want to give you a check-up.
It is a good idea to make a note of when your waters broke so you can tell the midwife.
Tell your midwife straight away if:
- the waters are smelly or coloured
- you’re losing blood.
If your waters break before you go into labour
Sometimes your waters may break before you go into labour. Most women go into labour on their own within 24 hours. If this doesn’t happen your midwife will offer to induce labour and you’ll be advised to give birth in hospital, if you’re not there already.
Find out more about what to expect when your waters break.
This part of labour can sometimes last a long time. This page explains what the latent phase of labour is and how to get through it as comfortably as possible.
In the diary of a third pregnancy our diarist tries to capture the pain and magic of the birth of her son.
Hypnobirthing is a method of pain management that can be used during labour and birth. It involves using a mixture of visualisation, relaxation and deep breathing techniques.
You might like to consider giving birth at home for a more relaxed experience in familiar surroundings. Find out whether this is the right option for you.
Are you thinking about having a water birth? Find out about the advantages and disadvantages of giving birth in the water, what to wear and what the pain relief options are.
Cutting the cord immediately after the birth has been routine practice for 50-60 years but more recently research is showing that it is not good for the baby.
If your waters break naturally, you may feel a slow trickle or a sudden gush of fluid that you can’t stop. Your waters may break before you go to hospital but are more likely to break during labour.
Braxton Hicks contractions are the body’s way of preparing for labour, but if you have them it doesn’t mean your labour has started. Here, we explain more about Braxton Hicks.
If you’re feeling a bit anxious about giving birth, there are things you can do that may help. Here’s some helpful advice from mums who’ve been there.
The ideal position for your baby to be in for labour and birth is head down, their back towards the front of your stomach.
The membrane sweep is a drug-free way of helping to bring on labour when you are going past your due date.
You can call your midwife or hospital straight away if you think you’re in labour. You will usually be assessed over the phone.
Raines, Deborah A (2019) Braxton Hicks Contractions, StatPearls Publishing LLC
NHS Choices. What happens if your baby is breech? https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/breech-birth/ (Page last reviewed: 06/11/2017. Next review due: 06/11/2020)
NHS Choices. Signs that labour has begun https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/labour-signs-what-happens/#what-happens-when-my-waters-break (Page last reviewed: 09/11/2017. Next review due: 09/11/2020)
NICE (2014). Intrapartum care for healthy women and babies. National Institute for health and care excellence https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg190Hide details
ℹLast reviewed on June 24th, 2019. Next review date June 24th, 2022.
By Anathi (not verified) on 17 Jul 2019 - 17:17
I'm 40 weeks 2 days pregnant and its my first time snd and I have no labour pains
By Innocent mahlaule (not verified) on 25 Jun 2019 - 17:45
I am 36 weeks pregnant and having strong baby movements during the night that causes me unbearable pains n mostly when I wake up I find huge white/cream discharge. I don't even know if the baby has turned or not. I am confused because it is my first baby
By Conerned (not verified) on 11 Jun 2019 - 23:57
Hi am 40 weeks today and got a sweep by my midwife. But my cervix us still very much closed and I feel no contractions only my womb has been very tight and strong for two days now with out any pain. What do I do?
By MissE (not verified) on 13 Jun 2019 - 10:12
I was 40 weeks when I decided to go to the hospital and be induced, I couldn't anymore because I was not feeling any pain nor dilating..
By Pearl (not verified) on 13 Jun 2019 - 13:51
Hi! All I am 39+3 pregant today with second baby. I had 31 weeks preterm labour with first one by vaginal birth. 3 cm dilated , due date is june 17th still have no labour pain . My doc wants to delivery me if baby doesn’t come on due date . I am scared of c-cection . Do you guys have any idea please !
By Tamieka (not verified) on 7 Jun 2019 - 09:23
Hi am 39 weeks pregnant it's my first .having burn stomach ,cant sleep am wondering if am late to give birth. Or maybe am too excited . Baby is moving am happy
By Tinah (not verified) on 8 Jun 2019 - 15:00
By Rias (not verified) on 2 Jun 2019 - 20:06
Hi..this is my 3rd pregnancy..I am 39 weeks full..I need to know if what I feel is normal..I have been induced on all my previous pregnacy and I was attending gynae,but this time I attending clinic.so my worries is that I never feel the conttactions painful like this even they last for some few minutes,sometimes I feel my vigina as if something want to come out but don't know what might be and when the contraction occur I feel like I can urinate while on contraction cause I feel pain also at the back like cramps...of course the baby is head down..my stomach is sore..I s hard to get off bed and change side as pressure on my vigina doesn't wante to open wide my legs..what could this be.and the baby is moving and doing all sorts of rolls,kicks I feel that every day and at most time..please help
By Penninah (not verified) on 17 May 2019 - 01:56
I have not seen any kind of discharge but am past the ultrasound and LMP due dates....yet I feel back pains and lower abdominal pains that comes and go...could it be a sign of labour
And should j visit the hospital immediately
By Penninah (not verified) on 17 May 2019 - 01:55
I have not seen any kind of discharge but am past the ultrasound and LMP due dates....yet I feel back pains and lower abdominal pains that comes and go...could it be a sign of labour
By Sibongile (not verified) on 7 May 2019 - 11:35
I am 37 weeks and i feel bloated so i just want to know is this the sign of labour
By Star (not verified) on 21 Apr 2019 - 14:39
Hy am 36weeks and i have been passing fluid for the past 1week I went for scan and they said everything is normal and also the baby's head is facing down.am I going to labour anytime soon
By Koech (not verified) on 28 Mar 2019 - 15:50
Am 38 weeks 4days now, but I experience severe back pain and abdominal pain,my discharge are yellowish. Every time I feel my baby at the gate way of pelvis.so am worried if someone can give birth at 38 weeks.looking forward for your reply, thank you
By Midwife @Tommys on 24 Apr 2019 - 10:34
I hope by now you have had your baby and that all has gone well for you. A pregnancy is considered term between 37 and 42 weeks so there would be no concerns if you delivered at 38 weeks if you and the baby were otherwise healthy
By Vue (not verified) on 26 Apr 2019 - 14:45
Hi there, I guess you are experiencing signs that big day come near. I also experienced that back pains, my baby going to my pelvis because he is now looking for entrance to be ready, I think and folk said. So search for the signs what is the real labor and yes you can give birth at 38 wks.. 36 to 38th wks is called premature birth.. 39 to 40 is regular birth... But I guess u will not yet give birth at 38th wks for u just starting the signs of baby is preparing for his journey to come outside. According to my folks... I will experience that baby will stop moving then after that it will move circle or I will feel having big circle or ball inside that very hard... Then the 'show' might come out after that... But when u feel that u just get ready to pack things and go to hospital or you mightget shower first... I'm excited too waiting for my baby's arrival soon... Good luck
By Jewel (not verified) on 27 Mar 2019 - 14:09
Hi ! I'm 38weeks 5 days, started feeling these pains that comes and go since last night. went to my midwive today and she checked my cervix that its closed & baby is lying transverse position. what can be done for baby to turn head down ?
By Mweya (not verified) on 27 Mar 2019 - 13:41
Am in my late pregnancy but confused of which date to follow. I have got no digns of labour and i sleep very well. My other problem is that I've had muscle and born pains. Could this be caused by ice water that i prefare to drink or is it too much juices that i consume? My midwife is not of great help
By Precious (not verified) on 26 Mar 2019 - 12:52
Am 37weeks plus 2day and my back hurt so much I can't walk fine and I pee so much and all of my children I don't get any show so what do I do now please am so tired this morning I just start vomating which I don't know the curse of it.
By Shama (not verified) on 24 Mar 2019 - 23:08
Hi this is my first pregnancy and I feel period like pains last night which was coming from back I feel my baby head down just above the pelvic but ultrasound told me baby has double loop of cord around neck I feel good movements but I am confused is it a c section case or can be normal? Because my wildlife is famous for doing c sections but I dnt want c sec so plz suggest me Wat to do
By Makoma Gloria (not verified) on 22 Mar 2019 - 15:31
Am 37 weeks and have back pain and period pain when baby kicks I feel like lightning what must I do as I have thick lot of off white discharge
By hafsat (not verified) on 19 May 2019 - 16:36
By Anna (not verified) on 22 Mar 2019 - 05:01
Just so people are aware..... ECV for breech baby is really painful!!!!!
By ASHLEY (not verified) on 13 May 2019 - 18:06
I didnt find the ecv was painful. I was relaxed had no meds. My stomach was a but tender the days following. Mine was a failed version. My 4th pregnancy
By Ntipi (not verified) on 14 Mar 2019 - 05:12
Hey I'm 35 weeks pregnant and feel like my baby will come out cous it is so uncomfortable,How possible is that?
By Mpinane Letele (not verified) on 5 Mar 2019 - 10:10
Hi my edd is 38 weeks an says I will deliver my Bby on the 4 March is this possible ?because now it difficult for me to sleep, to work, to sit down my back is paining. An I didn't even here when she's turning the head down so I Dnt knw I need help pls
By Midwife @Tommys on 7 Mar 2019 - 12:24
Hi - Thank you for your message.
It is difficult to advise with the information you have provided. Please email [email protected] with some further details and we can advise.
By Hi I'm Grace (not verified) on 26 Feb 2019 - 10:30
Hi I'm Grace my edd says 39weeks 6days today but my gestational said I'm 37weeks 4days which one is correct date .
By Freya (not verified) on 18 Feb 2019 - 22:23
I’ve had A LOT of pressure down in my vagina, and when my baby moves I can REALLY feel it and it’s a bit swollen down there. I know it’s not possible but it feels like my baby is about to fall out!! I struggle to cough and sneeze as it’s so uncomfortable! I’ve been having a lot of Braxton Hicks and today my pelvis felt like it was coming away from my legs! Is this a sign I could go into labour any day?
By Midwife @Tommys on 21 Feb 2019 - 13:41
Hi Freya, Thank you for your comment.
It sounds like your baby is getting in a good position ready for labour but it is difficult to say when labour will start. If you are in pain or concerned in any way then please call your local maternity unit who can assess you and reassure you. Take Care, Tommy's Midwives x
By jacqueline (not verified) on 18 Feb 2019 - 21:31
hey am 40 weeks pregnant now and they said i should come tomorrow if i don't hear any labour pains.since from 14 February until today...so am i going to be induced or what ???
By Midwife @Tommys on 21 Feb 2019 - 13:37
Hi Jacqueline, Thank you for your comment.
Induction will all depend on your hospitals procedures and when they induce if you are past your due date. If you are unsure then I would contact the labour ward and discuss this with them so that you will get a better idea of what to expect when you go into hospital tomorrow. Hope this helps, Take Care, Tommy's Midwives x
By tiwatope (not verified) on 11 Feb 2019 - 07:46
I am having severe back pain since two days ago and also having a jelly like discharge, I am 40 weeks today. I went to hospital and I was told that the baby is ready to be delivered anytime I have strong contractions that I shud be coming but the only thing is d back pain and the baby moving around my Tommy so fast, what am I to do
By Yazzill (not verified) on 10 Feb 2019 - 08:59
My pee is usually yellow I am 38 weeks and 6 days
This morning I ran to the washroom and my pee was clear and transparent I was surprised bc my pee is always yellowish but I thought maybe I’m drinking more water..but I’m not a water drinker as muchas I should be I’m not.
A couple minutes later I pee again and THAT pee was normal it was tinged yellowish and the rest of thenday i continued to pee yellow I find it odd how only that one time i peed allot looked down And it was as if I never peed at all the water was as clear and transparent as can be
Could that be been my water breakages
By vanity (not verified) on 4 Feb 2019 - 13:28
Im 38weeks and 4days pregnanct today and since last night i have lower back pain which is gone now but instead of it lower abdominal pain on my left side has started and since yesterday i have diarrhoea also and my tummy feels rock hard is my time for labor now?
By Annie (not verified) on 4 Feb 2019 - 13:03
Hello, pls based on my last period and the first scan I did my EDD was for 10th of March and an currently 35+3days gone but based on the scan carried out today an 38 weeks gone and new EDD is 14th February, I av been avin pains below my abdomen but I don't know which date to follow.
By Midwife @Tommys on 15 Feb 2019 - 11:40
The most accurate time to date a pregnancy is at the dating scan which is done at about week 11-14 and this would be the EDD used, therefore you should go from your original due date given at your dating scan. If you are having on going pains then do see your midwife for a review.
By NAKAGWA Juliet (not verified) on 27 Mar 2019 - 11:38
My edd is 20 of April and I last saw my periods in August I am now confused
By Molly (not verified) on 31 Jan 2019 - 05:29
Hello, I’m 39weeks and 4 days I’m having sweep next day or two little nervous I’m huge! And I can’t sleep walk very well laugh or cough cos hurts as she’s so low down haven’t lose mucus plug.. today I rolled over and one side of my pelvis extremely hurt for 15 mins baby is fine felt movement but I had tears down my cheeks and screaming... I’m scared because this is my first I don’t know what it is and if that hurt what’s my labour going to be like... I thought maybe ligaments as I’m due in 3/4days but surely both hips pelvis bone sides would hurt? Very confused
By Midwife @Tommys on 31 Jan 2019 - 10:32
Hi - Thank you for your message.
So sorry to hear you are finding these last few weeks so painful and difficult. The pressure of baby's head can be difficult and affect how well you sleep and walk.
It sounds as though you may have a little bit of pelvic girdle pain. For some women in pregnancy the pelvic joints become stiff or less stable. This can cause inflammation and pain, which varies in severity. The pain can range from a dull ache to severe pain. Most sufferers are in the mild to moderate category.
Certain types of movement, such as widening the legs or leaning on one leg, can make the pain worse - which is what may have happened when you rolled over.
Be careful with your movements, take it slowly and avoid widening your legs too much - its also important to discuss this with your midwife when you attend fro the sweep, she can advise and also ensure that she doesn't worsen your pain whilst carrying out the sweep.
By Emma Porter (not verified) on 28 Jan 2019 - 19:01
I'm due in 12 days and tonight got very tight tummy all over.. not like Braxton Hicks. Not painful. Been walking alot today and just had a mild Chinese.. first one since being pregnant. Bubba is moving normally. Have I just over done it or is this early signs of Labour... First Baby and excited but just wondering what day Bubba will arrive.
By Midwife @Tommys on 29 Jan 2019 - 14:30
Hi Emma. It's possible that your body is "niggling" i.e warming up for labour. Staying active is really good for you, so well done for staying fit and well. If these tightening's continue and then become more regular, then it might be that you are in the very early latent phase of labour.
All the best, Tommy's Midwife
By Liyanda (not verified) on 28 Jan 2019 - 08:33
Im 35 weeks 1 days as per second scan but 37 weeks 2 days as per first scan done at 8 weeks...for the past week i have been having alot of discharge,pains i cannot describe but are very uncomfortable at night sometimes while walking i feel like i cant anymore because the baby will actually be pressing right down my pelvis so much i feel like his head is right on my bladder or opening..a day ago i had sex and during the deed fluid came out not little but a bit,did not smell nd was not light as water actually seemed thicker..i agnored it even though both me and my patner noticed it because it was all over him and again after a few minutes into da deed the water came again this time after the water was some sticky fluid like discharge and it became more painful then nice because i was getting pains directly in my stomach...ever since then im not quite okay but its pains i dont really know how to explain..im a previous c section and have refused a Vbac but i dont have a date booked yet..please advise me on what is going on as i dont remember what labour feels like because it was 6 years ago..my first born is turning 7 this year and he was a csection baby because of fetal distress at labour.
By Midwife @Tommys on 29 Jan 2019 - 14:27
Hi Liyanda. You need to go to your local hospital urgently to get checked over as your waters may have broken if there was a large amount of fluid that came out on both occasions. Both you and your baby will be at risk of infection if the waters have broken (and for over 24 hours now) and you may need intravenous antibiotics if an infection is suspected. Equally they will listen into your baby and check you over. This is very important and you need to be ASAP!!! Take care of yourself, Tommy's Midwife
By Thembie (not verified) on 23 Jan 2019 - 06:11
I am 39 weeks 5 days today and honestly I am tired and I can't wait to see my little one. On Sunday baby was not moving went to see my mid wife who did a membrane sweep (Oooh God it's so painful)and suggested a scan that confirmed that the baby was moving ( I did see him move but didn't feel it). Till today no sign of labor only a few bearable cramps. Should I request for an induction? I really want this baby out now
By Midwife @Tommys on 29 Jan 2019 - 11:14
You might have already had your baby by now - if you have - Congratulations!
If you are still concerned about fetal movements, then please go back to hospital for review and to discuss induction with your obstetric Dr if they feel that this is appropriate. All the best, Tommy's Midwife
By Nelly (not verified) on 23 Jan 2019 - 05:54
I'm 37 weeks pregnant with my first baby, my baby used to play a lot but now doesn't play as much as it used to, must I be worried? I don't think I've had any signs of labour because I do not suffer from any pain
By Midwife @Tommys on 25 Jan 2019 - 15:55
If you feel that your baby's movements have reduced then it is important that you go to the maternity unit as soon as possible to be reviewed.
By Callie (not verified) on 23 Mar 2019 - 09:06
No sign of labour.. Starting inducing yet no sign. What do I do?
By Sara (not verified) on 22 Jan 2019 - 15:43
Am 30weeks bt my doctor told me am 32,i feel pain in my lower tummy, can't sleep comfortably, can't walk for long distance plz help me
By Esther (not verified) on 21 Jan 2019 - 06:35
Am 38weeks and I keep on having "show"
I also feel a sharp pain when the baby stretch at my lower abdomen .......pain at my lower back during the night what could be the problem