Self-care with type 1 or 2 diabetes in pregnancy

You will need to manage your type 1 or 2 diabetes in pregnancy by checking your blood glucose levels and adjusting your treatment according to the results.

For some women with diabetes, the need to change treatment during pregnancy can be frustrating, especially if you have worked out good control and are settled into the treatment you were using.

Learning to inject or use a pump can feel like just another thing to do. But try to stay positive. Focus on the fact that this technology is available to help you keep your glucose at safe levels for your baby, and remember that each day that passes takes you one day closer to your baby being born. After your baby is born, your diabetes will probably return to its original patterns.

"I think it is one of the hardest things I have had to do, both times, but you just keep going. It’s like running a marathon. It seems really tough at the beginning but you just get through it." Prisha, mum of two

The following are important aspects of managing your diabetes on an everyday level, find out more through the following links:

Read more about self-care with diabetes in pregnancy

  • Pregnant woman on exercise mat stretching.

    Type 1 or 2 diabetes in pregnancy and diet and exercise

    Keeping your blood glucose levels within safe limits is a hugely important part of managing your diabetes, but you also need to think about your physical well-being.

  • Woman's blood sugar levels being tested.

    Hypoglycaemia and pregnancy

    Hypoglycaemia happens when your blood glucose levels drop too low. This is more likely to happen if you treat your diabetes with insulin. If you treat your diabetes with diet or metformin alone, you are generally not at risk.

  • Blood sugar level testing sticks.

    Hyperglycaemia and pregnancy

    Hyperglycaemia is caused by blood glucose levels rising too high.

  • Woman testing her glucose levels.

    Hypos and hypers

    While you are pregnant, you will be at much higher risk of hypoglycaemia – especially in the early weeks. At the same time, you may not have your usual early warning signs (hypo unawareness), and the symptoms may be more severe than usual.

  • Pregnant woman looking uncomfortable.

    Type 1 or 2 diabetes and illness

    If you are ill with type 1 or 2 diabetes, more glucose is released into your bloodstream and your body becomes resistant to insulin.

  • Woman injecting insulin.

    Using insulin in pregnancy

    Whatever treatment you were using to control your diabetes before you became pregnant may change. If you were using tablets, you may have to start using insulin.

More sections on type 1 or 2 diabetes in pregnancy

Last reviewed on September 1st, 2015. Next review date September 1st, 2017.

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