Symptoms of a miscarriage
The most common symptom of miscarriage is bleeding. This can vary from a light spotting to brown discharge, or a heavy bleed, which may be worse than a normal period. Some women are shocked by the amount of bleeding.
Pains are another sign. This cramping or tummy pain may accompany the bleeding, or come alone. It may be mild or severe, a dull ache or sharp pain or feel like backache.
A discharge of fluid from the vagina can also indicate a miscarriage.
You may simply feel that you are not pregnant any more. Your pregnancy symptoms such as tender breasts or sickness may have gone.
Some women have no signs at all that their baby has died and sadly only discover the loss when they attend a routine antenatal appointment for an ultrasound scan.
This is called a missed miscarriage.
Every woman’s experience of miscarriage is different, but common symptoms include the following:
These symptoms don’t always mean miscarriage
It’s important to know that light vaginal bleeding, or spotting, is common during the first trimester (first 12 weeks of pregnancy) and doesn’t always mean you are having a miscarriage. Some pain can also be felt in early pregnancy towards the end of the first trimester as ligaments of your body stretch. Some women can also experience some cramps due to the implantation of the fertilised egg or during or after sex.
Similarly, pregnancy symptoms can vary and may reduce as time goes on. If you have any concerns about anything you may be feeling, speak to your GP or midwife. If you can’t speak to your GP or midwife call the NHS emergency number 111 at any time of day.
When to seek urgent help
Some miscarriages are caused by a pregnancy which develops outside of the womb. This is called an ectopic pregnancy. This is a potentially serious situation as there is a risk of internal bleeding.
It’s important to visit your GP or the nearest A&E department if you experience any of the following symptoms:
- severe and persistent abdominal pain, often on one side
- vaginal bleeding or spotting, most often after the pain has started
- pains in your shoulder tip
- diarrhoea and vomiting
- feeling very faint and light-headed, or fainting
Symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy usually appear between weeks 5 and 14 of the pregnancy.
Knowing what and what not to say to people after the loss of a baby can be difficult. We have come up with a list to help you better comfort a bereaved loved one.
If you lose your baby after the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, but before 24 weeks, this is known as a late miscarriage.
- NHS Choices Miscarriage http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Miscarriage/Pages/Symptoms.aspx
ℹLast reviewed on August 1st, 2016. Next review date August 1st, 2019.