What should I do before I fly?
Talk to your midwife
You may find it helpful to talk to your midwife or GP about your travel plans before you book your flight. Some women try to avoid travelling in the first few weeks of pregnancy because tiredness and nausea (sickness) can be worse in the early stages (first trimester).
Check the airline’s policy for pregnant travellers
You should be able to find the airline’s policy on their website. Most airlines don’t need you to tell them you are pregnant until 28 weeks.
After that most airlines will want you to carry a letter from your GP or midwife saying:
- that you’re in good health
- that you have an uncomplicated pregnancy
- what your estimated due date is
- how many babies you are expecting.
Some airlines may require medical clearance if:
- your delivery date is less than 4 weeks after your departure date
- complications are expected in your delivery.
Check the terms and conditions of your travel insurance
Most travel insurance will only cover you for possible complications, not for routine treatments or a normal birth. Make sure a policy covers you for every eventuality before you buy it. For example, will it will cover the cost of medical treatment for any pregnancy complications or transport home if you give birth early.
When will I have to stop flying?
Tips for flying during pregnancy
- Carry your pregnancy notes with you in your hand luggage.
- During the flight, avoid coffee, tea and alcohol
- Be sure to drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a serious condition when a blood clot forms in a deep vein in the body, usually in the leg. DVT isn’t common in pregnancy, but you are more likely to develop it than non-pregnant women of the same age.
Flying for more than 4 hours increases the risk of getting blood clots (thrombosis), although it’s not known if this risk gets higher when you’re pregnant.
You can reduce the risk of getting blood clots by:
- wearing compression stockings (you can buy these over the counter in pharmacies)
- doing calf exercises
- walking around the plane often
- wearing loose, comfortable clothes.
Where to go
It’s best to try to avoid visiting countries or areas where you need vaccinations. This is because some vaccines that use small amounts of live bacteria or viruses could harm the baby in the womb. You should also try to avoid travelling to countries with a high risk of malaria and Zika virus.
Talk to your GP, doctor or midwife if you can’t avoid travelling. If there is a high risk of disease in the place you’re travelling to, you may be advised to have the vaccine. This is because most diseases will be more harmful to your baby than a vaccine will be.
Getting the flu vaccine is safe and will help protect you and your baby. There is no evidence to show that the flu vaccine can cause miscarriage.
Back ache or pain is very common in pregnancy, but there are things you can do to reduce it.
You are likely to find that your second pregnancy has differences to the first time you were pregnant.
It’s common to feel unusually tired when you’re pregnant, especially in the first 12 weeks. Here's some tips for getting a better night's sleep.
The fact that you’ve had a previous abortion is not likely to affect your pregnancy.
As a pregnant employee you have legal rights, and this includes paid time off for antenatal care.
Stretch marks are narrow pink or purplish streaks or lines that can appear on the skin during pregnancy. They don’t always disappear after childbirth but they should become less noticeable.
It’s unlikely you will have an internal examination (inside your vagina) until you go into labour unless there is a possible problem
Folic acid (vitamin B9) is very important for a baby’s health and development. You don’t need to take folic acid after 12 weeks of pregnancy.
Giving birth is generally safe wherever you choose to have your baby. Here’s a few things to think about if you’re considering a home birth.
Getting the whooping cough vaccination is safe and will protect your baby from infection in their first few weeks of life.
Most research shows it’s safe to colour your hair while pregnant. The colours in permanent and semi-permanent hair dyes are not highly toxic.
NHS Choices. Is it safe to fly while pregnant? https://www.nhs.uk/common-health-questions/pregnancy/is-it-safe-to-fly-while-pregnant/ (Page last reviewed: 21/03/2018. Next review due: 21/03/2021)
NHS Choices. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in pregnancy https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/dvt-blood-clot-pregnant/ (Page last reviewed: 27/03/2018. Next review due: 27/03/2021)
NHS Choices. Can I have travel vaccinations during pregnancy? https://www.nhs.uk/common-health-questions/pregnancy/can-i-have-travel-vaccinations-during-pregnancy/ (Page last reviewed: 22/05/2018. Next review due: 22/05/2021)Hide details
ℹLast reviewed on December 6th, 2018. Next review date December 6th, 2021.