Every pregnancy is different so if you don't have any of these early signs, don't worry. If you notice one or more of these symptoms, take a pregnancy test.
Your period is late
This is a classic sign of pregnancy. If your period is late, take a pregnancy test to check whether you are pregnant.
You can keep track of your period by marking the days in a calendar or by using an app.
About eight to ten days after ovulation, you might have some cramps in your lower tummy. You may also have a slight pink, red or brown staining around the time you expect your period. This is known as implantation bleeding and is caused by the fertilised egg settling into the lining of your womb.
‘I thought I'd had a period when I'd actually missed it and it was cramps/spotting.’ Tanya, mum-to-be
Even though your baby is still smaller than a peanut, the first few weeks of pregnancy can be draining, both physically and emotionally. You may have extreme tiredness, caused by changes in your body.
Early pregnancy tiredness is not like ordinary tiredness - you may feel completely exhausted after a normal day's activities. The best way to deal with it is to listen to your body and get more rest.
Some women have breast tenderness or a tingly feeling in their breasts during the early weeks of pregnancy. The skin around your nipples may look bumpier than usual, too. These bumps are called 'Montgomery's tubercules' and they secrete an oily fluid to prepare your nipples for breastfeeding.
Your breasts may also feel heavier. Many of these changes are because of the extra hormones that you have in your body during pregnancy.
Funny taste in your mouth
Have you suddenly gone off your favourite food or do you have a strange metallic taste in your mouth? These are signs of early pregnancy. Some women also complain about having too much saliva.
Some women also report being more sensitive to smells
Need to wee more often
In early pregnancy you may need to pass urine more often than usual because your womb is expanding and pressing on your bladder.
The hormone progesterone also makes you need to wee more, as well as sometimes causing constipation.
Feeling nauseous and/or being sick
New pregnancy hormones are flooding your body and, for some women, the reaction to this is to feel sick. Some women feel slightly queasy and others may actually be sick. This is commonly known as morning sickness but it can happen at any time of the day.
If you can’t keep any food or water down talk to to your midwife or GP because there is a risk that you may become dehydrated.
Not all mums-to-be will get strange cravings but hormonal changes can trigger them in some women.
Hormones are natural chemicals that help your body manage your pregnancy, prepare it for the birth and help produce milk for your baby. The hormones oestrogen and progesterone flood your body in the first 12 weeks. It is these hormones that can also make you feel more emotional than normal.
You may find that you are laughing one minute, then crying the next. Don’t worry, this is normal.
Pregnancy brings anxieties and stresses as well as happiness. However, if you are a feeling down or anxious for a large part of the day and it seems to be lasting longer than a couple of weeks it is important that you talk to your midwife or GP about how you are feeling.
The much talked about glow of happiness can actually make women who are not feeling this very isolated. It is common to feel stress and anxiety in pregnancy and you need to keep an eye on your emotional well-being as well as your physical well-being.
Download our Wellbeing Plan [PDF] to help you talk to your midwife about this.
The symptoms above are just some of the most common but there are many others. Your pregnancy will be unique to you and your symptoms might be too. If you’re trying to get pregnant, listen to your body and look out for any changes.
‘One of my earliest signs is a rumbling tummy and feeling constantly hungry!’ Clio, mum of two
What to do next
If you’re experiencing one or more of the symptoms above, take a pregnancy test. However, if you haven’t missed a period yet it may be too early to tell, or your test result may be inaccurate.
Positive pregnancy test
If you have done a test and it was positive, read about the five things to do when you find out you’re pregnant.
Negative pregnancy test
A negative result might not be reliable if you took it too soon.
If you do a home test very early and have a negative result, do another test in two to three days' time if you still haven't had your period. If you continue to get negative results and still don't have a period, talk to your doctor.
Getting pregnant can take longer than you were expecting. Find out how conception works.
Congratulations on your pregnancy! This page covers the evidence-based recommendations from midwives of things to do and not do in pregnancy
Find out how healthy you are with our simple calculator tools and see what changes you can make to help you have a healthier pregnancy.
Common worries in the first trimester of pregnancy
Nausea, extreme tiredness, aching boobs, awkward white lies... the first trimester is not always easy. Here’s some advice to get you through the first 12 weeks.
You don’t need to kick your caffeine habit completely. Flying is fine. And sex actually gets better (for some). The truth behind 10 of the most misunderstood pregnancy myths.
You may have heard about morning sickness and extreme tiredness, but what about these other common but less talked about pregnancy symptoms.
Your first antenatal appointment with a midwife is called a 'booking' visit and will take longer than later visits, so allow plenty of time.
It's very common to feel sick during the first few months of pregnancy, and sometimes for a bit longer.
- NHS Choices, 'Tiredness in pregnancy': http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/tiredness-sleep-pregnant.aspx [accessed 29.03.18]
- NHS choices, 'Signs and symptoms of pregnancy': http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/signs-and-symptoms... 10/04/2018]
- NHS Choices, 'Severe vomiting in pregnancy': http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/severe-vomiting-in... 10/04/2018]
- NICE (2014), 'Antenatal and postnatal mental health:clinical management and service guidance'; 1.5.4: http://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg192/chapter/1-recommendations#recognis...
- Royal College of Psychiatrists, Mental health in pregnancy, London RCP, 2015: http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/healthadvice/problemsdisorders/mentalhealthinpr...[accessed 10/04/2018]
- NHS Choices, 'How soon can I do a pregnancy test?': http://www.nhs.uk/chq/Pages/948.aspx?CategoryID=54&SubCategoryID=140 [accessed 10/04/2018]
ℹLast reviewed on April 10th, 2018. Next review date April 10th, 2021.
By sarah (not verified) on 3 May 2018 - 02:28
I have period every month I came of my period last Friday but my boobs were sore for over a week I seem to have mood swings very often I have long wees and now I have a bit of cramping in lower back and stomach I have had no morning sickness
By Midwife @Tommys on 3 May 2018 - 16:21
Hi Sarah, Thank you for your comment.
If you are still having regular periods and you haven't missed a period then it is highly unlikely that you are pregnant. Sore breasts, mood swings, and cramping can be signs that you are about to come on a period and can be confused with pregnancy symptoms. If you are having unprotected sex and you are worried that you may be pregnant then you can always take a pregnancy test or speak to you GP for further advice. Hope this helps, take care, Tommy's Midwives x
By Lauren Davies (not verified) on 8 Jan 2018 - 22:12
I’m 3 days late on my period and ever since I’ve had the Implant taken out my periods have become regular finally but 3 days ago I was supposed to come on my period. Help!! Am I pregnant?!
By Midwife @Tommys on 10 Jan 2018 - 11:09
Hi Lauren. Having the implant taken out can and does, affect your cycle for a least 1 or 2 cycles. Its a hormonal change and will always cause some change when it is first removed. If you have not had unprotected intercourse in this time, then please do not worry. If you have, please do a pregnancy test to be sure.
Please take care
Sophie, Tommy's Midwife
By Chelsea (not verified) on 20 Oct 2017 - 05:41
Hi I'm feeling sick in the mornings sharpe pain in left nipple/breast I'm getting sharpe pain in lower belly above the vagina and the extra tiredness and urinating loads and drinking much more than usual. Getting left hip pain to. Im due on today or next Monday or tuesday.
By Catherine (not verified) on 2 Aug 2017 - 09:41
I have had no period and I have most symptoms of pregnancy and I have done home test still came back negative what could it be
By Midwife @Tommys on 2 Aug 2017 - 09:52
It is difficult to say. You would be best to go to your GP to do a further pregnancy test there. Sometimes, if the pregnancy is very early, the HCG levels have not built up enough in the body, to be passed to the urine for a pregnancy test to show up as positive. Give it another week or so and re-test. Your GP can then refer you to your local midwifery services and ultrasound scan.
If no pregnancy is confirmed, then the GP may need to refer you onto a Gynecologist for further investigations.
Please feel free to contact us again if you need any further advice or information. Please take care of yourself
By Anonymous (not verified) on 5 Apr 2017 - 22:07
I've had 3 days where I've had very small amounts of dark blood in my mucus but only for one wipe each day (7-9 dpo). Can implantation spotting ever come in this form or does it have to be one continuous flow?
By Midwife @Tommys on 6 Apr 2017 - 11:56
Hi, Even though 1: 10 women experience light spotting in early pregnancy, any bleeding should be investigated so I would recommend that you see your GP. https://www.tommys.org/pregnancy-information/symptom-checker/i-am-bleeding-pregnancy