Bleeding gums in pregnancy
Have you noticed your gums bleeding when you brush your teeth? Bleeding gums in pregnancy could be gingivitis. Hormones can make your teeth more vulnerable to plaque, leaving you with swollen, bleeding gums. You need to take extra care of your smile when you’re pregnant:
- Book yourself a dentist appointment (it’s free through the NHS during pregnancy and for 12 months afterwards).
- Brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes.
- Ask your dentist about getting a professional clean.
- Avoid sugary and acidic drinks and foods (particularly in between meal times).
- Quit smoking.
- If you have morning sickness, rinse your mouth with water after being sick. Try and wait an hour before you brush your teeth (they’ll be softened by the acid in your tummy).
Leg cramps in pregnancy
If you’re one of the unlucky ones rudely awoken by a sudden sharp pain in your leg, try gently exercising your legs, ankles and feet during the day - and see if that prevents it:
- Point your toes and flex your foot up and down vigorously 30 times. Repeat on the other side.
- Rotate your foot to make a circle, eight times on each foot.
Feeling faint in pregnancy
Been feeling slightly dizzy or faint? There are a number of reasons that you can feel faint in pregnancy; these can be hormonal changes, low blood pressure, you may become overheated or have low iron levels. Some useful tips to help are:
- Get up slowly after sitting or lying down.
- As soon as you feel faint, find a seat quickly - if the faintness doesn’t pass, lie down on your side.
- If you feel faint while lying on your back, turn on your side.
- Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water.
If you experience feeling faint or dizzy then please contact your GP or midwife.
Feeling hot in pregnancy
Your body pumps more blood in pregnancy - that and hormones can make you feel unbearably hot:
- Invest in a desk fan for work and your bedroom.
- Carry a small, battery-operated fan around with you.
- Wear loose, breathable fabrics.
- Stay hydrated and always have a bottle of water handy.
- Take a dip in a refreshing bath, or, better still, go for a swim.
Headaches in pregnancy
Yep you guessed it - those hormones are probably to blame again.
- Try to rest when you can.
- Keep hydrated.
- Find ways to relax, like pregnancy yoga.
- If you need painkillers, make sure you take the recommended dose. Not all pain relief is safe to take in pregnancy. Have a chat with your midwife or GP about what medication to avoid.
If you have a severe headache that does not go away it is important you are checked out by your GP or midwife.
Indigestion and heartburn in pregnancy
Hormones and, later in pregnancy, your womb pressing on your stomach can sometimes leave you bloated, burpy, sick or with a nasty heart burning sensation. There are some things you can do that may help relieve your symptoms:
- make a note of what sets it off. Try to avoid these foods (spicy foods, chocolate and fruit juice are often to blame), especially in the evenings
- try eating smaller meals more frequently
- sit up straight when you’re eating to take the pressure of your stomach
- finish eating about three hours before bedtime
- try drinking milk when you get heartburn (and keep a glass handy in the night)
- prop yourself up with pillows in bed
- ask your midwife or GP about antacids and algates.
Speak to your midwife or GP if your heartburn is severe and the above treatments don't help.
Swollen ankles, hands and feet in pregnancy
Your body holds more water in pregnancy, which can move towards the lowest parts of your body making your ankles, hands and feet swell.
- Take a load off: Avoid standing for long periods of time
- Prop your feet up so they’re higher than your heart for about an hour each day
- Do some stretches: Point your toes down and release upwards, 30 times. Then circle your ankles eight times - both feet.
If your swelling is severe or comes on suddenly, or particularly in your face as well as hands and feet, and comes with a headache or problems with your vision, you may have pre-eclampsia. If you are experiencing these symptoms, you should call your midwife, hospital or doctor immediately.
Constipation in pregnancy
As soon as you fall pregnant, hormones can play havoc with your digestive system, leaving you constipated.
- Make sure you’re getting enough fibre - eat lots of fruit and veg, pulses, wholemeal breads and cereals.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Keep active.
- If you’re taking iron supplements (which can make you constipated), chat to your GP about your options.
Get more advice about constipation and suitable laxatives from NHS Choices.
For some women, hormones can also cause the opposite to constipation – diarrhoea. If this is the case for you, drink plenty of fluids and see your GP if it does not go away after 48 hours. Check with a midwife, doctor or pharmacist before taking any medication to stop diarrhoea.
Pelvic pain in pregnancy
Symptoms differ from one woman to the next and some suffer more than others but pelvic pain - also known as pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) or symphysis pubis dysfunction (SPD) - can be debilitating. Make these simple adjustments to ease the discomfort:
- Sit down to get dressed, rather than standing on one leg to put knickers and trousers on.
- Keep your knees together when you get in and out of the car.
- Avoid carrying heavy things in one hand - use a backpack instead.
- Don’t do breast stroke when swimming.
- Stop exercises that might make your symptoms worse.
Speak to your midwife about getting a referral to a physiotherapist sooner rather than later.
See more information on SPD/PGP.
Anaemia in pregnancy
Your body needs extra iron for your baby, which means you can miss out. Lack of iron can leave you feeling tired and breathless. Other symptoms can include looking paler than normal and, in some cases, noticeable heart beats (heart palpitations).
The trick is to eat plenty of iron-rich foods, combined with vitamin C (such as a glass of orange juice) to help your body absorb it. Avoid caffeinated drinks at mealtime, as they can interfere with iron absorption. Try:
- dark-green leafy veg like broccoli
- dried fruit like apricots
- iron-fortified cereals and bread
- pulses and beans
- nuts and seeds.
If your red blood cell count is low, your GP may prescribe an iron supplement.
Ask your midwife if you have any questions. Find out more about anaemia in pregnancy.
Congratulations on your pregnancy! This page covers the evidence-based recommendations from midwives of things to do and not do in pregnancy
Find out how healthy you are with our simple calculator tools and see what changes you can make to help you have a healthier pregnancy.
Smoking, drinking, folic acid and miscarriage. Get answers to some of the common worries in the first trimester of pregnancy
Nausea, extreme tiredness, sore breasts, cramps... the first trimester is not always easy. Here’s some advice to get you through the first 12 weeks.
Eira (pronounced eye-ra - poor child will spend her whole life telling people how to say her name) has made her arrival!
After what has felt like a very long time coming, it's finally my due week!
I had my last day at work this week - and boy, was I ready for that day to come around. I worked right up until 38 weeks - my choice, and one I'll only regret if baby decides to come early and I don't get a rest!
- NHS Choices ‘Common health problems in pregnancy’http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/common-pregnancy-problems.aspx (accessed 23/03/2018)
- NHS Choices ‘Headaches in pregnancy’http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/headaches-pregnant.aspx (accessed 23/03/2018)
- NHS Choices ‘Can I take paracetamol when I’m pregnant?’http://www.nhs.uk/chq/Pages/2397.aspx#close (accessed 23/03/2018)
- NHS Choices ‘Indigestion and heartburn in pregnancy’http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/indigestion-heartburn-pregnant.aspx#close (accessed 23/03/2018)
- NHS Choices ‘Treating constipation’http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Constipation/Pages/Treatment.aspx(accessed 23/03/2018)
- NHS Choices ‘Pelvic pain in pregnancy’ http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/Pages/pelvic-pain-pregna... (accessed 23/03/2018)
- NHS Choices ‘Iron deficiency anaemia’http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Anaemia-iron-deficiency-/Pages/Introduction.aspx (accessed 23/03/2018)
ℹLast reviewed on April 10th, 2018. Next review date April 10th, 2021.
By Lucy (not verified) on 18 Jun 2019 - 16:33
I am 20 weeks pregnant and when lying on my back and then turning onto my side, I felt a tingling in my stomach as if stardust was falling down. I then had a short spell of lower back pain. Is this normal?
By 3moths (not verified) on 13 Jun 2019 - 15:41
I am three month pregnent I surfed for morning sickness from April until now June is that normal
By Dinma (not verified) on 11 Jun 2019 - 06:09
I started having this breathing belly button after my marriage ,but my mense kept coming and it’s not regular as before ! It also comes as a brown old blood, then comes as a red blood ! I feel movement like something is in me but the test confirms negative! I scared I don’t know what to do
By Tatiana (not verified) on 10 Jun 2019 - 17:41
Good day, have always got messes every 15th of the month, saw the last one on the 15th of may, today being 10th of may I got a brownish slight bleeding early hours of the morning. Its not time for my messes. What could it be? Thanks
By Amanda (not verified) on 7 Jun 2019 - 14:28
I'm trying to be pregnant,now I have lower abdominal pain and clear discharge.i had sex after 2 days I see white discharge. What it could be?but I keep trying .
By Okafor chinenye (not verified) on 14 Jun 2019 - 13:22
I saw my menses on the 2/06/2019 and I met my husband on the 7th of de same month, but b4 den I saw a white slippery discharge, DAT draws....... Wat could it mean pls, could DAT be my ovulation or what, pls I need ur answers pls and since den I have been having waist pain and back pain
By mercy bara (not verified) on 19 Jun 2019 - 14:46
You were ovulating
By Elena (not verified) on 26 Jun 2019 - 13:19
If the discharge is like egg White it may mean you have ovulation coming very soon. So, you are in the best timing of getting pregnant
By Privilege (not verified) on 6 Jun 2019 - 21:29
In the past two years I have miscarriages like 5. And usually I see blood then it come out ....now 7 weeks I feel pain on my back but no blood is coming out.wat could be the problem
By rose (not verified) on 5 Jun 2019 - 07:25
hi my period has been 3 weeks late my breast are sore am nauseated yesterday i spotted later got a terrible tummy ache below my belly button kept feeling like their was something at the top of my uterus it was painful only their blood started coming out what could be wrong please and could i be pregnant but having my period
By Theresa (not verified) on 4 Jun 2019 - 10:14
Am 3months pregnant, took abortion pills like a week ago but no bleeding came out not even a touch of blood, but am still feeling pains and cramping till now
By Jane (not verified) on 22 Jun 2019 - 11:58
How can I terminate it without going to the hospital
By vincent abiodun (not verified) on 23 May 2019 - 15:34
Please am feeling dizzy,weak and having pain on my right breast which am getting confuse about.
By Kaur (not verified) on 16 May 2019 - 19:25
I'm 6 week pregnant I went to market when I came home after few minutes I feel really chill is it normal??
By Joy (not verified) on 13 May 2019 - 01:32
Am 2 month pregnant, i took an abortion pill 2 days ago i even inserted inside my system, 2 hours came i started bleeding, but have not seen the baby coming out, am still feeling something in me, still bleeding now, please tell me what the problem is.
By Anonymous (not verified) on 7 Jun 2019 - 03:13
Go to the doctor and next time use birth control
By Early pregnancy... (not verified) on 10 May 2019 - 06:34
PMS associated symptoms are so identical to those of early pregnancy that many women get confused between the two.
By pregnancy symptoms (not verified) on 8 May 2019 - 06:50
There may be a myriad of symptoms indicating pregnancy. However, it is best to consult a doctor and confirm the good news before you get on with the real celebrations.
By Oladoke (not verified) on 8 May 2019 - 05:48
Hi.. I saw my period last month, on d 2nd of April, but I menstrated for 2 nd half days.. After some days,my whole body itches me at night for about 3days then it stops. So i later saw my period again on d 26th of April, (tho I don't know if it's a period or not) but is kinda lite brownish, then kinda lite pinkish somehow,it came for some couple of days.. 3days I guess, then it stops so I don't understand what is really going on...
By Zenande (not verified) on 6 May 2019 - 22:15
Had sex 2 days ago now my stomach is cramping im worried also have a sore tongue
By Anuoluwapo (not verified) on 4 May 2019 - 10:35
I'm 7 month pregnant and purge since two days ago and not stop. What can I use to stop it?
By Anuoluwa (not verified) on 4 May 2019 - 10:33
I'm 7 month pregnant and purge since two days ago and not stop. What can I use?
By Becka (not verified) on 2 May 2019 - 17:21
Hi. I am 31 weeks pregnant and I am noticing very sharp pain across the top of my belly when I have gas or when I have to poo. Is this normal?
By Zodwa (not verified) on 2 May 2019 - 12:19
hi im 24weeks pregnant and my baby is kicking just fine but im worried been having this pain on my right about 4days now it goes up my rib under my breast it really is painful don't know what to do. some are saying the baby may be sleeping on the side or its because my baby its getting big.please help
By Francis Joy (not verified) on 30 Apr 2019 - 14:18
It is possible to have sex and get pregnant without he releasing sperm in Melbourne
By Emilian (not verified) on 27 Apr 2019 - 18:31
I saw my period on the 8th of April and it was supposed to finish on the 11th which is 5days but I was surprised on the 12th I saw blood stain again on my pants. Now since 25th I have been having pains on my nipples and little cramp on my abdomen. What could be the problem pls
By hawa (not verified) on 26 Apr 2019 - 22:34
am feeling pain in my heart area is that normal!
By Aisha (not verified) on 25 Apr 2019 - 11:00
hi.. .I had my period on 6,7,8,9on last march,it didn't come again so I had to take a test n I was positive but 6weeks later I saw blood n pain very red blood.please help what's wrong?
By Midwife @Tommys on 25 Apr 2019 - 12:01
Hi - Thank you for your message.
As your pregnancy test was positive and you are now experiencing painful bleeding, it is important you are seen by your doctor/midwife.
By Haylie (not verified) on 9 May 2019 - 17:57
Normally in cases like that, when the test shows positive. It means you are pregnant. But to have very red blood and pain.. might be a possibility that you are experiencing a spontaneous miscarriage. Which at this early, it cant be prevented. I'm sorry momma.
By Sive (not verified) on 23 Apr 2019 - 06:15
I have a problem of getting miscarriages I had two last year and two this year. I really want a baby and now I am struggling to fall pregnant. What can I do
By Midwife @Tommys on 25 Apr 2019 - 12:05
Thank you for your message. I am so sorry to learn of your 4 miscarriages. If you would like advice and support regarding recurrent miscarriages please email us at [email protected]
By Mary (not verified) on 16 Apr 2019 - 15:15
I had sex about 3days before ovulation that starts on 10th April and now feeling nausea, full breasts, Headaches, weak, movement in my tummy and center back slight pain like heaviness. Could it be pregnancy signs?
By Chi xhi (not verified) on 12 Jun 2019 - 16:56
I finished my period on may 30 and have sex on June 4 till now I Am feeling heart burn my breast is paining me I'm feeling vomiting ,is the sign of pregnancy
By Joy (not verified) on 12 Apr 2019 - 20:53
I last day I saw my period was 8th August,,,,what is my edd doc
By Rup (not verified) on 26 Mar 2019 - 07:07
I missed my period 7 days in december but after that my period is regular bu my period flow is only 2 days..as my regular period flow is 4 days
now my tummy looking big in size..looking 4 months pregnant but my all test are negative.
whats wrong with me plz advoice me.,
By Chunny (not verified) on 23 Mar 2019 - 08:09
I'm six months but I don't feel heavy one my Tommy I feel so light, but my baby kicks,
By Basetsana (not verified) on 21 Mar 2019 - 21:26
Im 7 months pregnant and my baby didn't play today.I'm afraid
By Midwife @Tommys on 22 Mar 2019 - 11:41
If you have not felt your baby move, or feel that the baby's movements are less than normal then you need to go straight to the maternity unit to be reviewed today.
By Tamara Morris (not verified) on 18 Apr 2019 - 20:23
Wat should I do if I dont hardly feel him moving at
By Midwife @Tommys on 26 Apr 2019 - 16:56
If you are more than 24 weeks pregnant and your baby is moving less than normal then you need to ring your maternity unit straight away to be reviewed.
By Tebogo (not verified) on 18 Mar 2019 - 18:04
Hi am 12 weeks pregnant, am vomiting so bad that my stomach would be painful. The headache is painful and unbearable. Almost everything I eat I throw up. Please assist
By Midwife @Tommys on 22 Mar 2019 - 11:40
Sorry to hear that you are being so unwell, it sounds like you need to see a doctor for support and review.
By Lenah (not verified) on 18 Mar 2019 - 05:52
Am 20 weeks pregnant and I still feel nauseous my doctor told me I should be fine after 3 months but it's still the same so I went back to him and he told to eat healthy and drink plenty of water and so I did but till today it hasn't stopped I tired every recipe in the book but still am so tired of feeling like this and it's interfering with my work I am no longer as productive as I was.
By Sonia (not verified) on 31 Mar 2019 - 12:37
When I was pregnant I only started getting nausea at 14 months. My OB said Ginger gels would help and they were a life saver. You can buy them at Shoppers there are two kinds get the yellow and green ones. Or you can buy a ginger root from the local grocery and peel and cut a bit off a boil...make ginger tea...it taste well not that great but it works. It did for me.
By Tina (not verified) on 14 Mar 2019 - 17:53
Hi good evening. I am 8months pregnancy and I use to have white discharge sometimes. Is it safe
By Midwife @Tommys on 20 Mar 2019 - 10:40
It sounds like you've got thrush, which will need urgent treatment - so please visit your GP/Midwife as soon as you can. Please take care, Tommy's Midwife
By Breakthrough Ph... (not verified) on 22 Mar 2019 - 06:26
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By Eloho (not verified) on 8 Mar 2019 - 09:29
I am 36weeks gone and am still having this hot pain in my top left side of my stomach.. am worried and i dont knw if it is safe for me
By Midwife @Tommys on 8 Mar 2019 - 11:38
If you are having on going pain then I would advise for you to call your maternity unit to be reviewed today.