Every pregnancy is different so if you don't have any of these early signs, don't worry! If you notice one or more of these symptoms, take a pregnancy test.
Your period is late
This is one of the classic early signs of pregnancy. If your period is late, take a pregnancy test to check whether you are pregnant
Even though your baby is still smaller than a peanut, the first few weeks of pregnancy can be draining, both physically and emotionally. You may have extreme tiredness, caused by changes in your body. Early pregnancy tiredness is not like ordinary tiredness - you may feel completely exhausted after a normal day's activities. The best way to deal with it is to listen to your body and get more sleep.
Some women have breast tenderness or a tingly feeling in their breasts during the early weeks of pregnancy. The skin around your nipples may look bumpier than usual, too. These bumps are called 'Montgomery's tubercules' and they secrete an oily fluid to prepare your nipples for breastfeeding. Your breasts may also feel heavier. Many of these changes are because of the extra hormones that you have in your body during pregnancy.
Funny taste in your mouth
Have you suddenly gone off your favourite food or do you have a strange metallic taste in your mouth? These are signs of early pregnancy. Some women also complain about having too much saliva.
About eight to ten days after ovulation, you might have some cramps in your lower tummy. You may also have a slight pink, red or brown staining around the time you expect your period. This is caused by the fertilised egg settling into the lining of your womb.
Need to wee more often
In early pregnancy you may need to pass urine more often than usual because your womb is expanding and pressing on your bladder. The hormone progesterone also makes you need to wee more, as well as sometimes causing constipation.
Feeling nauseous and/or being sick
New pregnancy hormones are flooding your body and, for some women, the reaction to this is to feel sick. Some women feel slightly queasy and others may actually be sick. This is commonly called morning sickness but it can happen at any time of the day. If you can’t keep any food or water down talk to to your midwife or GP because there is a risk that you may become dehydrated.
Hormones are natural chemicals that help your body manage your pregnancy, prepare it for the birth and help produce milk for your baby. The hormones oestrogen and progesterone flood your body in the first 12 weeks. It is these hormones that can also make you feel more emotional than normal. You may find that you are laughing one minute and could be crying the next! Don’t worry, this is normal.
However, if you are a feeling down or anxious for a large part of the day and it seems to be lasting longer than one month it is important that you talk to your midwife or GP about how you are feeling.
Find out how healthy you are with our simple calculator tools and see what changes you can make to help you have a healthier pregnancy.
Your first antenatal appointment with a midwife is called a 'booking' visit and will take longer than later visits, so allow plenty of time.
Pregnancy tests work by looking for a hormone called human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG). This hormone is only made in your body when you are pregnant.
It's very common to feel sick during the first few months of pregnancy, and sometimes for a bit longer.
Folic acid is particularly needed in the early weeks of pregnancy because it helps close the neural tube early on in the pregnancy.
Congratulations! Whether you’re jumping up and down for joy, still in a state of shock, or feeling a mixture of both - we’re here to support you every step of the way so you can enjoy a healthy and happy pregnancy.
Miscarriage is fairly common during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
Some women might be very excited and want to tell everyone straightaway about your great news. Others prefer to wait to tell everyone else until they have seen they baby on the first scan.
Find out everything you need to know about the first few weeks of pregnancy. From supplements and diet to antenatal care, it's all covered here.
How do you know when you're pregnant? If you've been trying for a baby, there are a few ways to find out whether you're expecting.
- NHS Choices [accessed March 2015] Tiredness in pregnancy. Review date 10/04/2015. http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/tiredness-sleep-pregnant.aspx
- NHS Choices [accessed March 2015] Vomiting in pregnancy. Review date 16/9/16. http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/severe-vomiting-in-pregnancy-hyperemesis-gravidarum.aspx
- National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (2014) Antenatal and postnatal mental health: clinical management and service guidance http://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg192/chapter/1-recommendations#recognising-mental-health-problems-in-pregnancy-and-the-postnatal-period-and-referral-2
ℹLast reviewed on April 1st, 2015. Next review date April 1st, 2018.