A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy during the first 23 weeks. The main sign of a miscarriage is vaginal bleeding. This may be followed by cramping and pain in the lower abdomen.An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that develops in the fallopian tubes instead of in the womb. Sometimes an ectopic pregnancy can also develop in the abdominal cavity. An ectopic pregnancy is a serious, life-threatening condition and will end in miscarriage.
- Among women who know they are pregnant, 1 in 6 pregnancies ends in miscarriage.
- 1 in 90 pregnancies in the UK are ectopic.
- The overall risk of miscarriage under 12 weeks in known pregnancies is 1 in 5. In women with a BMI over 30, the risk is 1 in 4.
- Up to 75% of miscarriages happen in the first trimester.
- About 1 in 100 women in the UK experience recurrent miscarriages.
- A UK-based study of 1,700 women reported that obese (BMI of 30-39.9) women had a significantly higher incidence of early and recurrent early miscarriages compared with age-matched women of normal normal weight in a control group. The researchers concluded that obesity is associated with increased risk of first-trimester and recurrent miscarriage.
- 1 in 5 women in the UK who experience miscarriage have anxiety levels similar to people attending psychiatric outpatient services.
- A third of women in the UK attending specialist clinics as a result of miscarriage are clinically depressed.
 NHS Choices. Miscarriage. Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/miscarriage/Pages/Introduction.aspx (accessed 2 February 2016).
 NHS Choices. Ectopic pregnancy. Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Ectopic-pregnancy/Pages/Introduction.aspx (accessed 2 February 2016).
 NHS Choices. Overweight and pregnant. Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/overweight-pregnant.aspx (accessed 2 February 2016).
 About Health. What do miscarriage statistics really mean? Available at: http://miscarriage.about.com/od/riskfactors/a/miscarriage-statistics.htm (accessed 2 February 2016).
 NHS Choices. Miscarriage: causes. Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Miscarriage/Pages/Causes.aspx (accessed 2 February 2016).
 Lashen H, Fear K, Sturdee DW. Obesity is associated with increased risk of first trimester and recurrent miscarriage: matched case–control study. Human Reproduction 2004;19(7):1644–6.
 Rai R, Regan L. Recurrent miscarriage. Lancet 2006;368(9535):601–11.Hide details
The team at the Tommy’s National Centre for Miscarriage Research are asking women who have suffered miscarriages to join a research trial.
Sara-Jayne's heartbreaking story of baby loss follows her difficult decision to end her pregnancy when her baby son was not developing normally.
Claire had her daughter, Edie, in November 2009. She then went on to have two miscarriages, one on Mothers’ Day, before delivering her rainbow baby, Louis, in January 2013.
Lyndsey lost her first daughter Kirsty when she was just 33 hours and 22 minutes old. She then had daughter Lucy, now nine. Trying for another child resulted in three miscarriages before Sophie, now three, arrived.
Polly has been trying for a family since she got married, but has suffered recurrent miscarriages.