Two key nutrients need to be taken as supplements during pregnancy, because they can't be achieved through diet alone.
Folic acid (400mg from before conception to 12 weeks. This helps prevents defects of the neural tube)
Vitamin D (10mcg throughout pregnancy to support bone development.)
Women planning a pregnancy and women already pregnant need to ensure they are getting enough essential vitamins and minerals in their daily diet to reduce the risks associated with having smaller babies with health problems. Current diet trends are high in fat, sugar and salt and important nutrients can be low or missing from the diet. It is important to be aware of what constitutes a healthy diet and what vitamins and mineral supplements pregnant women need to take.
The three key vitamins and minerals to be aware of are:
Folic acid - reduces the likelihood of neural tube defects.
Vitamin D - promotes healthy bones and teeth.
Iron - pregnant women can be deficient in iron, it is important for their health and their baby’s.
Tommy's wants to see:
- more research to establish diet insufficiencies and how to address them in all maternal groups. For example, it has already been shown that supplementing vitamin D in women who are deficient improves pregnancy outcomes;
- standards for how midwives should advise women in antenatal care on healthy eating;
- development of guidelines for the best way to improve antenatal vitamin supplements and the delivery of them especially in vulnerable groups: diet choices, pills, fortified snacks.
Tommy's promotes a healthy diet in pregnancy and provides comprehensive information for women on how to have a healthy diet in pregnancy.