Waters breaking early (PPROM)

Preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) is when your waters break before 37 weeks of pregnancy. If this happens, you will need to get medical help straight away.

PPROM infographic

This page covers waters breaking early before 37 weeks. Read more about what to expect when your waters break after 37 weeks.

What is preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM)?

Your baby develops inside a bag of fluid called the amniotic sac. When your baby is ready to be born, the sac breaks and the fluid comes out through your vagina. This is your waters breaking. It is also known as rupture of the membranes.

Normally your waters break shortly before or during labour. If your waters break before labour at less than 37 weeks of pregnancy, this is known as preterm prelabour rupture of membranes or PPROM. If this happens, it can (but does not always) trigger early labour.

If your waters break early, the risks and treatment depend on your stage of pregnancy.

Is PPROM common in pregnancy?

PPROM happens in about 3% of pregnancies.

What causes PPROM?

We don’t always know why PPROM happens. But it may be caused by infection, or placental problems, such as placental insufficiency or a blood clot (haematoma) behind the placenta or membranes. Other risk factors may include if you:

It is important to remember that PPROM is not caused by anything you did or didn’t do in pregnancy.

How will I know if my waters have broken?

Your waters breaking may feel like a mild popping sensation, followed by a trickle or gush of fluid that you can’t stop, unlike when you wee. The amount of fluid you lose may vary. You may not have any sensation of the actual ‘breaking’, and then the only sign that your waters have broken is the trickle of fluid. It doesn’t hurt when your waters break.

You can read more about what to expect when your waters break.

What should I do if my waters break early?

If you think your waters may have broken, you should contact your midwife or labour ward and go to the hospital for a check-up straight away.

Amniotic fluid is clear and a pale straw colour. It may be a little pinkish if it contains some blood, or it may be clear. You must tell your healthcare professional if:

  • the waters are smelly or coloured
  • you are losing blood.

This could mean that you and your baby need urgent attention.

If you think that you are leaking fluid from the vagina, wear a pad not a tampon so your doctor or midwife can check the amount and colour of your waters.

“I had cervical incompetence and PPROM. I was put on hospital bedrest, antibiotics and had regular scans on the remaining water levels. Despite the antibiotics my infection markers were getting worse and I had to be induced at 24 weeks because they didn't think my baby would survive much longer in an infected womb. He survived birth, spent 7 months in hospital and then came home. He's now almost 5 years old and starting school in September.”


What happens at the hospital?

When you arrive at hospital, your healthcare professional will assess you to see if your waters have broken. This will also include a check on your general health including your temperature, pulse and blood pressure. They will also check your baby’s heartbeat and may do a urine test to check for infection.

Your healthcare professional will talk to you about what has happened, how you are feeling and your pregnancy history.

How is PPROM diagnosed?

Your healthcare professional will likely ask to do an internal vaginal examination (they will ask for your permission before doing so).

You may have what’s called a speculum examination. This is when a small instrument covered in gel is inserted into the vagina. The healthcare professional will then be able to see if there is any fluid pooling in the vagina. They will also take a swab to test for infection and a swab to test for group B strep infection. This will help confirm if your waters have broken. This test isn’t painful but it can sometimes be uncomfortable.

If it isn’t clear from the speculum examination, they may do a swab test of the fluid. They may also do an ultrasound scan to estimate the amount of fluid around your baby.

What happens next?

If your waters have broken, you will usually be advised to stay in hospital where you and your baby will be closely monitored for signs of infection. This may be for a few days or maybe longer. You will have your temperature, blood pressure and pulse taken regularly, as well as blood tests to check for infection. Your baby’s heart rate will also be monitored regularly.

If your waters have not broken, you should be able to go home.

If only a very small amount of amniotic fluid is leaking, it is not always possible to see it during an examination and it can be difficult to confirm whether your waters have broken.

If you continue to leak fluid at home, you should return to the hospital for a further check-up.

What could PPROM mean for me and for my baby?

If your waters have broken early, your healthcare professional will discuss with you the possible outcomes for your baby. These will depend on how many weeks pregnant you are when this happens and your individual circumstances. 


The membranes form a protective barrier around the baby. After the membranes break, there is a risk that you may develop an infection. This can cause you to go into labour early or cause you or your baby to develop sepsis (a life-threatening reaction to an infection).

The symptoms of infection include:

  • a raised temperature
  • an unusual vaginal discharge with an unpleasant smell
  • a fast pulse rate
  • pain in your lower stomach.

Your baby’s heart rate may also be faster than normal. If there are signs that you have an infection, your baby may need to be born straight away. This is to try to prevent both you and your baby becoming more unwell. 

PPROM and premature birth

About 50% of women with PPROM will go into labour within 1 week after their waters break. The further along you are in your pregnancy, the more likely you are to go into labour within 1 week of your waters breaking. PPROM is associated with 3-4 out of every 10 premature births.

Babies born prematurely have an increased risk of health problems and may need to spend time a neonatal unit. Find out more about premature birth.

Cord prolapse

This is when the umbilical cord falls through your cervix into the vagina. This is an emergency complication and can be life-threatening for your baby, but it is uncommon.

Pulmonary hypoplasia

This is when your baby’s lungs fail to develop normally because of a lack of fluid around them. It is more common if your waters break very early on in pregnancy (less than 24 weeks) when your baby’s lungs are still developing.

Placental abruption

This when your placenta separates prematurely from your uterus. It can cause heavy bleeding and can be dangerous for both you and your baby. Find out more about placental abruption.

If you experience PPROM, sometimes your baby sadly may not survive. There is a higher risk of this happening if your waters break very early, if the baby is born very prematurely (under 24 weeks) or, in some cases, following infection or cord prolapse.

Are there any treatments for PPROM?

It is not possible to ‘fix’ or heal the membranes once they are broken. But you may be offered treatment to reduce the risks to your baby. This could include:

  • a short course of antibiotics to reduce the risk of an infection and delay labour
  • a course of steroid injections (corticosteroids) to help with your baby’s development and to reduce the chance of problems caused by being born prematurely
  • magnesium sulphate once you are in labour, which can reduce the risk of your baby developing cerebral palsy if they are born very premature.

If you do go into premature labour, you may be offered intravenous antibiotics (where the antibiotics are given through a needle straight into a vein) to reduce the risk of early-onset group B strep infection.

Do I need to stay in hospital?

You will usually be advised to stay in hospital for 5 to 7 days after your waters break, to monitor your and your baby’s wellbeing. You may be allowed to go home after that if you are not considered at risk for giving birth early.

When should I seek help if I go home?

Contact your healthcare professional and return to the hospital immediately if you experience any of the following:

  • raised temperature
  • flu-like symptoms (feeling hot and shivery)
  • vaginal bleeding
  • if the leaking fluid becomes greenish or smelly
  • contractions or cramping pain
  • abdominal pain or back pain
  • if you are worried that the baby is not moving as normalContact your midwife or maternity unit immediately if you think your baby’s movements have slowed down, stopped or changed.

You should be given clear advice on how to take your pulse and temperature at home. You’ll probably also be advised to avoid having sex during this time.

What follow-up should I have?

You should have regular check-ups with your healthcare professional (usually once or twice a week).

During these check-ups, your baby’s heart rate will be monitored, your temperature, pulse and blood pressure will be checked and you will have blood tests to look for signs of infection. Your doctor will work with you to make an ongoing plan for your pregnancy, including regular ultrasound scans to check on your baby’s growth.

Your mental health

Experiencing PPROM can be stressful and cause a lot of anxiety. Coping with new symptoms and complications in pregnancy can sometimes be overwhelming. You could try our top 10 tips to relax.

If you’re feeling low, talk to your partner, family or friends about how you are feeling. You can also talk to your midwife. You won’t be judged for how you feel. They will help you stay well so you can look after yourself and your baby. They may also be able to signpost you to more help and support if you need it.

You can also call the Tommy’s midwives for a free, confidential chat on 0800 014 7800 (Monday to Friday, 9am to 5pm), or email us at [email protected].

When is the right time to give birth?

If you and your baby are both well with no signs of infection, you may be advised to wait until 37 weeks to give birth. This is because it can reduce the risks associated with being born prematurely.

If you are carrying the GBS bacteria, then you may be advised to give birth from 34 weeks because of the risk of GBS infection for your baby.

Your healthcare professional will talk to you about what they think is best and ask you what you want to do. Don’t be afraid to ask as many questions as you need to in order to feel comfortable and able to make informed decisions about your care.

Will I be able to have a vaginal birth after PPROM?

This is possible, but it depends on when you go into labour, the position your baby is lying, and your own individual circumstances and choices.

Your healthcare professional will discuss this with you. 

Will I have PPROM again a future pregnancy?

Possibly. Having PPROM or giving birth prematurely means that you are at an increased risk of having a preterm birth in any future pregnancies, but it doesn’t mean that you definitely will.

You will probably have specialist care in your next pregnancy. If you are not offered specialist care, you can ask for it. Remember that you can always talk to your midwife if you have any concerns about your care.

Read more

  • Discharge in pregnancy

    Discharge in pregnancy

    Having more vaginal discharge during pregnancy is common, but speak to your midwife or doctor if you are unsure about any increase or change in your vaginal discharge.


Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists (2019) When your waters break prematurely https://www.rcog.org.uk/en/patients/patient-leaflets/when-your-waters-break-prematurely/

Dayal, S and Peter L. Hong, Peter L (2019) Premature Rupture of Membranes. StatPearls Publishing

Macdonald, Sue (2017) Mayes’ Midwifery. London, Elsevier Health Sciences UK

NHS Choices. Signs that labour has begun. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/labour-signs-what-happens/ (page last reviewed 09/11/2017 Next review due 09/11/2020)

NHS Choices. Premature labour and birth. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/premature-early-labour/ (page last reviewed 04/11/2019 Next review due 04/11/2022)

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    Last reviewed on July 8th, 2020. Next review date July 8th, 2023.

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    Please note that these comments are monitored but not answered by Tommy’s. Please call your GP or maternity unit if you have concerns about your health or your baby’s health.
    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 16 Aug 2017 - 05:08

      Im 26 weeks n just found out tht i hve reprured membranes n hve littl fluids left. What r th chances of my bby surviving. What would you sugest is th best plan 4 us ryt nw. Im addmited put on antibiotics n bed n we closely monitored th heart beat is good n i still feel moving. How long can she stay inside me with little or no fluids. Plz advice

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 16 Aug 2017 - 09:45

      Hi there. I am so sorry to hear what a difficult time you are going through. I am glad to hear that you have been admitted and are on bed rest and close monitoring- being taken good care of by being put on antibiotics too. Your obstetric doctors and neonatal doctors are best placed to discuss these options with you as they are caring for you and so know your full medical history, obstetric history and current status with regards to your blood tests and scans etc. Being 26 weeks means that she can stay inside with little or no water around her, but your team caring for you will be balancing keeping her inside you, and the decision to deliver her early if there is a concern about ongoing infection if there is one (you have been put on antibiotics, so i presume that they might suspect an infection.) It is great to hear that she is doing well, moving around inside and with a good heartbeat. This can be quite common and many go on to carry their baby for many weeks more after PPROM, but each case is different and the plan of care will be made with you and your baby as the focus, and something that you are comfortable with. Please feel free to contact us again if you have any more questions or concerns. Please take care of yourself!

    • By Sibbyrose (not verified) on 8 Aug 2017 - 20:46

      My water's broke at 24 weeks i am now 32 weeks and 5 days I was getting induced at 34 weeks now they are saying i have to go full-term and isn't listening to me.

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 9 Aug 2017 - 09:14

      Hi Sibbyrose.
      I am sorry to hear that you have been having a difficult time! You are well within your rights to make an extra appointment with your midwife/obstetric doctor to discuss and amend this plan of care if possible. They need to discuss with you, why they feel that your situation has changed in now allowing you to go full term instead of the planned induction at 34 weeks. And then you can voice your concerns in relation to this. Usually, it is safer for the baby to stay in utero and grow/develop a little more. There is a fine balance between early delivery and optimal health of the baby. Please get another appointment made as urgently as you can in order to discuss this further with your care team. You could also contact your hospital's Consultant Midwife who could become involved in your care plan and help to inform and guide you further. Please take good care of yourself

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 27 Jul 2017 - 08:16

      I lost my little boy 2 weeks ago at 34 weeks, my waters broke at 33 weeks out the blue, I had monitoring & antibiotics, sent home. Went back 4 days later they did bloods and listened to his heart beat, all fine so sent home. Movement stopped 2 days later and that's when we found we lost him. I can't help but feel they should of scanned me to check everything was still working, cord & placenta wise. They said my placenta has started to come away and there was a clot, the cord was wrapped around his ankle but couldn't be sure if these contributed to his death or not. I read somewhere pprom can cause your placenta to come away..
      I just feel like I'm going to get fobbed off with it just been 'unlucky'.
      I pprom with my girl at 35 weeks aswell but they delivered her quicker. Could having pre cancerous cells removed from my cervix keep causing my waters to break? I never go into labour they just go spontaneously, wondering if it's worth getting my cervix looked at? Thanks

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 27 Jul 2017 - 12:23

      Hi, thank you for sharing your story, we are so sorry to hear of the loss of your little boy, we can't even begin to imagine how you and your family are feeling at this time. It is understandable that you want answers to the questions that you have. It is difficult to comment without your hospital notes and having more information. It would be worth contacting the hospital to have a debrief of what has happened and what were the reasons behind the management of your care.

      With regards to the treatment on the cervix to remove pre cancerous cells, will all depend on the type of procedure that you had. There may be a risk of premature birth being linked to cervical treatment but again this would depend upon the procedure that you had. It would be advisable to check to see if you did have an invasive procedure on the cervix that may be a contributing factor, your GP should be able to give you more information.

      If you would like to talk more about this them please call or email the Tommy's Midwives on [email protected] or 0800 0147 800 9am-5pm Monday to Friday. Take care Tommy's Midwives x

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 19 Jul 2017 - 18:30

      7-19-2017 4am
      Hi. I am 29weeks and 6days pregnant. I could feel a gush of fluid coming out from my vagina. The fluid is clear. Spotting is found too.

      7-19-2017 9am
      I admitted to hospital. Scan conducted and confirm that there's good amount of fluid inside. Baby weighs 1.66kg. Vagina swap and blood was conducted.

      7-19-2017 10am
      Steroids injection was given

      7-19-2017 11am
      Antibiotics was given

      7-19-2017 8pm
      Second antibiotics was given

      7-19-2017 10pm
      Second steroids injection was given.

      My blood result shows that my white cell count is alright. No sign of infection. My body temperature and blood pressure is measured every 3 hours and both readings are ok. My baby's heart beat is measured every 4 hours and it's ok as well.

      But I'm still having slight leaking from time to time. Is there any chances for the leaking to stop and drag my pregnancy till 34 or 36 weeks?

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 20 Jul 2017 - 11:55

      It sounds like the hospital is doing everything in order to increase your chances of going as close to your due date as possible. It is difficult to say in these types of situations whether you will get to 34 or 36 weeks as it is dependent on any infection, fluid around your baby, your observations and bloods as well as the heart rate monitoring.
      Please feel free to contact Tommy's if you would like to discuss further on 0800 0147 800/

      Best Wishes.

      Tommy's Midwife.

    • By Shikha (not verified) on 17 Jul 2017 - 15:46

      Hii ..my water broke at 22 weeks n when i had first ultra sound after waterbreak Doctor told me that it was extra amniotic fluid which has gushed out.so please could u tell me what was the reason for extra amniotic fluid fluid n wt precaution should be taken next so that it should not happened again

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 18 Jul 2017 - 09:33

      Hi, thank you for your message. I'm sorry to hear you have experienced some loss of loss at 22 weeks - I hope you have had good care and support during this time. Its a little difficult to comment on what you have been told without further details - results of the scan, what tests have been carried out, health of yourself and baby etc. If you email us at [email protected] we can hopefully help you with any queries/concerns you may have.

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 30 Jun 2017 - 19:43

      I had my scan yesterday which showed there was no fluid around baby, I had felt them go about 7 days before, and again 5 days before my scan, I was told I had likely wet myself! also on the scan showed possible concerns with the heart but this could have been due to how baby was laying, I have an appointment at another hospital in 3 days as they deal with fetal medicine, Babys kidneys formed and showed bladder was full. I do not have any infection I'm just worried about the outcome and what may happen.

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 3 Jul 2017 - 11:48

      We are sorry that your waters have gone at this early stage but it is good that you have found our information to help you to reduce your risks and give your baby the best chance possible. Best wishes x

    • By Rahab (not verified) on 27 Jun 2017 - 16:32

      hey my water broke at 17 weeks was admitted in hospital for whole week I had no infection I was given antibiotics and went home ...right now the water still comes out time to time ...what are the chances of giving birth to a normal baby right now am 23weeks..am worried

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 27 Jun 2017 - 16:40

      Hi Rahab

      I am sorry to hear that this has happened to you. The person best placed to go through this with you, is your obstetric consultant. They can give you advice relating directly to your own risk factors as i do not know your full medical and obstetric history in order to be able to give you accurate advice relating to your current situation.
      I hope that you are being closely monitored with regular check ups, scans and bloods? This would be the minimum that you should be offered.
      Please do feel free to call us if you need further advice or assistance with your concerns- we are happy to help!

    • By Fanci (not verified) on 13 Jun 2017 - 16:38

      it is 3rd time happend, is there any chance to prevent of this

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 14 Jun 2017 - 09:15

      I am very sorry to receive your message today. There are lots of different factors to consider when a woman's waters break prematurely. If you could email back with more information about your pregnancies: [email protected] or call on 0800 0147 800 we could discuss your history in more detail. I hope to be in touch today.
      Anna- Tommy's Midwife

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 8 Jun 2017 - 09:52

      Dear midwife,
      My water broke on Tuesday night and have been in the hospital, scan showed that my baby is alive but have no amniotic fluid left. I have been very worried as the doctors have said the decision on what next to do is my hands. I have been on antibiotics and my temperature and pulse has been under control. However I started sporting blood this morning. Just not too sure of what to do. And I'm in a country where resources and facility to take care of cases like this is 0%. Please I need your kind advise. What are the chances of my baby's survival?

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 8 Jun 2017 - 11:53

      Hi, we are sorry to hear that you are in hospital and what you are going through, it must be very worrying at this time. When waters break early, this does increase the chance of premature birth so being in hospital and under close observation is this right place for you to be right now. It is good that you have been taking antibiotics and that there are no signs of an infection at this stage. It is understandable that you are worried for you and your baby. It is difficult to predict any outcomes at this stage but as you are already in hospital, we would advice that you ask to speak to whoever is caring from you at this time, be it a midwife or your doctors. They will be able to look at your hospital notes and explain what the plan of care is going forward. Remain positive and try and rest when you can. You can always contact the midwives directly here on 0800 0147 800 Monday to Friday 9am-5pm or email [email protected] Take Care Tommy's Midwives x

    • By Rossy (not verified) on 28 May 2017 - 22:50

      I have just experienced a water break i am 17 weeks pregnant I have observed this first water break after having sex is this a sign of any danger to my baby please reply me as soon as possible i am worried

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 31 May 2017 - 09:28

      Hi Rossy. It is really very important if you have not already done so, for you to seek urgent review at a&e if your waters have broken at 17 weeks. If left un-diagnosed, you are at risk of a nasty infection. Please do take good care of yourself and feel free to call us on 0800 01047800.

    • By Miss SA (not verified) on 27 May 2017 - 23:43


      I am currently 35 weeks pregnant, my waters broke exactly 2 weeks ago.. 3 days ago I noticed I have a very painful cyst or could possibly be a abscess around the private area.. it is growing in size & getting more painful! Could this have any affect on the babies Health?

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 31 May 2017 - 09:32

      Hi Miss SA
      If your waters broke two weeks ago, i would hope that your midwife and obstetric team are closely monitoring you and that you are on antibiotics?!
      It sounds like you really do need to take yourself into hospital to have the lump assessed and treated urgently.
      Please take good care of yourself!

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 7 May 2017 - 06:09

      I am 29 weeks pregnant but I am not sure about that my water is broke or not but I have something discharge from my vagina

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 8 May 2017 - 12:15

      Thank you for your comment.
      If you are not sure if your water has broken, it is very important that you contact your pregnancy unit for advice-they should ask you to come in for an urgent check up to ensure that you and your baby are well and also to do some tests to confirm if the water has broken or not-this can include an internal examination with a speculum which lets the doctor look more closely at the neck of the womb to se if there is any water leaking or if there is any other cause for the discharge.
      Increased vaginal discharge is very common in pregnancy, but this should be white or clear sticky mucus. Anything different to this should always be checked.

      I have attached a link that you may find helpful-

      Please do not hesitate to contact us for further advice or call our helpline 0800 0147 800

    • By Ashley S (not verified) on 30 Apr 2017 - 07:48

      Hi I am 18 weeks pregnant and no fluid around my baby what are the chances of the baby survival and is there anything I can do to try to obtain fluid which they said has been never there.

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 2 May 2017 - 15:12

      Dear Ashley,

      I am really sorry to hear that you have been told that there is no fluid around your little one at the scan. This condition is called oligohydramnios.

      You don't mention in your post if there is any infection but your membranes haven't ruptured so are the doctors able to identify what is causing the reduced production of fluid?

      I am afraid it is not possible to increase amniotic fluid around the baby, there is no medication or anything that you can eat or drink that will do this.

      There should be an opportunity to have a discussion with your obstetrician so that you have a management plan and you know what to expect if the fluid around your baby is not increasing and how this impacts your baby's development. If you can take a list of questions with you to your appointment and always have the support of your partner or close friend/relative at each hospital visit.

      The risks associated with oligohydramnios depend upon the gestation of the pregnancy Ashley. Amniotic fluid is vital to each baby's development. The baby has room to move and grow and the fluid protects the baby’s cord from being compressed. The fluid allows development of limbs, muscles, lungs and gut. The earlier the lack of fluid is identified the more concern we have for the baby's development which is severely affected without it.

      I can only imagine how worrying this must be for you. This ‘wait and see’ approach is a very difficult situation to be in.

      Please take good care of yourself and stay in contact with us.

      Anna -Tommy's Midwife

    • By Janice (not verified) on 10 Apr 2017 - 19:13

      27 weeks pregnant and lost all embryonic fluid I have Brown and yellowish discharge my babies heart rate is 170 to 190 and the doctor still want to keep to the baby in. I may have an infection but they say my white blood cells are normal what should I do ?

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 11 Apr 2017 - 13:00

      Hi, I am sorry to hear that you are having a difficult pregnancy and that your waters having broken early. When this happens it is balance of trying to keep the baby inside you for as long as is safe and as long as you are well. It is very difficult to be able to advise you fully as we do not have your full medical and obstetric history and I do not have access to your notes and the baby's heart rate monitoring etc. It is important to ask to speak with the doctor or midwife looking after you to make sure you understand everything and that you have had a chance to speak with the neonatal team also about having a premature baby. You can also ask for a second opinion too. If you would like to speak further please email us [email protected] with more information.

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 6 Apr 2017 - 09:59

      I lost my first baby due to my waters breaking at 19 weeks. After tests and post mortem there was no known cause and we were given the all clear to try again. We were told it was just bad luck. Unfortunately it recently happened a second time, again at 19 weeks. The doctors say there was no sign of infection or problem with my cervix. I am so confused what caused this.

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 6 Apr 2017 - 13:01

      Hi . So sorry to hear this. If you want to talk you can call us on 0800 0147 800 and a midwife will be able to discuss this with you. We are here Monday to Friday 9-5pm. The most common risk factors for premature rupture of membranes are infection, cervical insufficiency and there is some evidence of a link to smoking more than 10 a day. However in many cases there is never a cause found and we will never know the reasons. Best wishes to you x

    • By Mariam (not verified) on 28 Mar 2017 - 03:48

      My waterr breaks at 18 weeks and i was told to go and re scan and the result was that the baby is still alive but the water is alreadt dryied please what can i do to save my baby life

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 28 Mar 2017 - 12:17

      Hi, I am sorry to hear that you are experiencing a very difficult time in your pregnancy. It is important to take each day as it comes, it is a question of on going monitoring and trying to get as fair along in your pregnancy as possible. All you can do is look after yourself both physically and emotionally. If you start to feel unwell or have any pain then to contact the hospital to be reviewed.

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 23 Mar 2017 - 08:42

      I lost my baby boy at 18 weeks, 6 days pregnant, just over 5 weeks ago. My pregnancy had been okay up until then, I'd had a little spotting in first trimester, but no bleeding other than that.

      I had terrible morning sickness though, where I used to feel like I was pushing urine out at same time as it was that forceful (I wonder sometimes if this was actually amniotic fluid!). I started bleeding at 17 weeks, 5 days and it stopped after an hour but I went to the hospital. They said my cervix was closed and they did a scan - all fine! Then I had bleeding a few days later. Same thing but with some clots. They did internal scan and everything seemed fine - closed too. They kept me in overnight and the abdominal scan the following morning confirmed very low amniotic fluid. They said there was nothing they could do. So, I went home. By the next week I started bleeding again at the evening, had contractions (I didn't realise this is what was happening) and woke up to find the umbilical cord hanging down outside of me.

      I delivered my boy the next day. I am still devastated. I just wondered, what are the chances of this happening again?? I have no idea why it happened. I did have some yellow discharge for a couple of weeks and was due to go for swabs but lost my boy before these were done. Could this be a reason? I'm lost.

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 23 Mar 2017 - 15:24

      We are so sorry to hear about the loss of your cherished baby boy and can understand your devastation. You must be full of questions and seeking answers to make some sense of it. You are most welcome to call us on 0800 0147 800 for some support or for any questions. Without more information I would not be able to tell you if you would have an increased risk in a future pregnancy as there could be many reasons why this happened. I hope that you will have an appointment with your consultant to discuss it in the next few weeks. Best wishes and please contact us if we can discuss this further with you. x

    • By Natassia (not verified) on 27 Feb 2017 - 03:18

      My waters broke on Sunday morning and I am now experiencing back pain which the midwife has gave tablets for but doesn't seem to be helping with the pain. Slight tightening of the abdomen. Does this mean I am going into labour?

    • By Solimar ginorio (not verified) on 20 Feb 2017 - 18:53

      Im 21 weeks and i went to the emergency room because i had fluid leakage i was told that it was normal i have went to diffrent hospitals and finally was told that my water was broken. Is there some method to help my baby survive i do not want to take the options that my OB doctor has given me.

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 22 Feb 2017 - 11:47

      Dear Solimar,
      Thank you for your post I am so very sorry to hear that your waters have broken at 21 weeks. Has your OB been able to tell you if you currently have an infection?
      At this stage of pregnancy there are several reason why waters break, such as infection (maternal or in the womb) or cervical insufficiency (a weakened cervix that cannot support the growing weight of the pregnancy and starts to open too early).
      Amniotic fluid naturally increases until about 39 weeks of pregnancy, however if your membranes have ruptured it is likely that you will keep losing fluid. Amniotic fluid is initially provided by the mother, in the second half of pregnancy amniotic fluid production is mainly provided by the baby swallowing fluid and passing urine.
      Amniotic fluid is vital to each baby to develop his/her limbs, muscles, lungs and gut. The baby has room to move and grow and the fluid protects the baby’s cord from being compressed. Most women will go into labour on their own within a week of rupturing their membranes.
      We do not have any methods to help babies survive at this early gestation as we do not have medication to increase the fluid volume around your baby. You mention in your post that you do not want to take the options that your OB has given you. Sadly we do not have many options available to us in this situation so your choices are to 'wait and see' (if you are well) or because the prognosis for your baby is tragically very poor some parents choose to start contractions with medication.
      With love at this very difficult time. Please don't hesitate to contact us again: [email protected]
      Tommy's Midwives

    • By Temitope (not verified) on 18 Feb 2017 - 10:34

      Hi, my water bag/sack came out at 20 weeks when I wanted to urinate, d water inside (urine color) drained and d membrane hung in my vaginal, I went to hospital immediately and they did scan, d doctor told me there is no fluid for the baby to survive and gave me option of evacuation which I didn't accept, so I was placed on bed rest in hospital after 28 hours I delivered the baby after hours of contraction. It really hurts, I miss my baby everyday being my first baby, but I really want to know what could have caused it. My doctor doesn't have any explanation as to what happened, I didn't feel any pain before and after d water bag came out. Please do you know what could have caused it?

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 20 Feb 2017 - 09:41

      So sorry to hear about the loss of your baby. Sincere condolences to you and your family. It can be very difficult to cope when you don't have a reason as to why this happened, unfortunatley without a full medical history it is hard to answer why this may have happened but it is important for you to know that it is unlikely to have happened because of anything you did. If you would like to discuss in more detail please call our midwives on 0800 0147 800 or email us at [email protected] and we can try to help you further.
      Best wishes

    • By FI (not verified) on 10 Feb 2017 - 19:23

      Hi, I lost my baby at 19and 2days, I started to bleed at 18 and was in and out of hospital, they have told me I had an infection and water broke, but said it wasn't an UTI, what other infection would cause bleeding and waters to break, I'm so scared to try for another baby incase this happens again.

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 13 Feb 2017 - 09:26

      Hi Fi.
      I am ever so sorry to hear about the loss of your baby. That must have been a difficult experience to process and try to understand.
      The best thing for you and your partner to do before you start trying for another pregnancy, would be to make a pre- conception appointment with a consultant obstetrician to discuss your history and the possible causes of infection. Without knowing your full medical and obstetric history, it would be very difficult to give you any accurate information - hence why i would suggest that an obstetric consultant from your local unit review you.
      Please take good care of yourselves and think about making that appointment.

    • By Mbali (not verified) on 10 Feb 2017 - 08:09


      On Monday, 6 February 2017, I had a miscarriage, I was 16 weeks pregnant. I stayed in hospital for about three days and had the uterus evacuation operation on day 3. I was discharged on the forth day, but ever since the operation, I have been suffering from shortness of breath, chest pains and my temperature is unstable. What could be causing this?

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 10 Feb 2017 - 11:57

      I am so sorry to hear about your miscarriage and the loss of your baby. If you are experiencing these symptoms then it is very important that you are seen today by a health professional as it maybe that you have an infection or blood clot. Try to have an urgent appointment with your GP today, or else if you have been given a number to call if any concerns then call them, or if you cannot see anyone by this route then go to A+E. I must stress if you are experiencing these symptoms then you need to be seen today. Take care

    • By ab (not verified) on 3 Feb 2017 - 05:35

      my water break when I was 28 weeks and I was pregnant with twins but I lust them. I am pregnant now I am in 14 weeks am afraid so that it won't happen again. please what can I do

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 3 Feb 2017 - 10:34

      I am so sorry to hear about the loss of your twins and what you have been through. Understandably, this pregnancy is such an anxious and worrying time for you. It is very difficult to know if this will happen again, you do not say if they found a cause last time? However you should be closely monitored and having regular appointments and scans. If you would like to talk further in confidence then please do email us [email protected] with more about your history and we can try and support you best we can. Tommy's midwives.

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 31 Jan 2017 - 15:19

      My water broke on 1-20-17. Prior to my water breaking I had a doctor appt. the previous week, in which they reassured me everything was fine. After my water broke suddenly, we rush to emergency to run test, in which they found no infection and as a result they could not give me a reason as to why my water broke. The doctors wouldn't do anything for the baby since I was 21 weeks, this makes me so angry!! I thought that even if with a heart beat it is still a human life, and that as doctors they should try and save my baby. That was not the case. I was monitor for a few days then sent home. My son was born on 1-26-17, with a strong heart beat, but unfortunately, he would not survive. I have been searching the Internet for answers but I can't seem to understand why this happened and so suddenly. This was my first pregnancy, and now i just feel uncertain if I would ever be able to go through this again.

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 2 Feb 2017 - 11:28

      So sorry to hear about the loss of your baby. Sincere condolences to you and your family. It can be very difficult to cope when you don't have a reason as to why this happened. It is important for you to know that it is unlikely to have happened because of anything you did. Please feel that you can call our midwives on 0800 0147 800 and we can try to help talk this through with you. Best wishes

    • By Cnfreamon (not verified) on 28 Jan 2017 - 08:51

      Monday November 14 around 3:20 while waiting on an eye appointment for Hubby and my water broke unexpectedly. Other than annoying foot soreness from wearing boots the day before nothing was wrong. We rushed to the women's bathroom were I proceed to give birth to our tiny son in blood and fluid. An ambulance was called and I was rushed to the hospital. I had to have an emergency D&C due to the placenta not coming out completely and causing hemorrhaging so I was admitted over night. Nothing was found wrong with my son or me... no infections or chromosome issues. What are complications I could have the next time I conceive? I have 2 previous un complicated healthy pregnancy before this.

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 30 Jan 2017 - 09:29

      Hi Cnfreamon. I am so sorry to hear what an awful time you went through in November. That must have been a very traumatic experience for both you and your husband.
      I am afraid without knowing your full medical history and previous pregnancy details, it is difficult to comment.
      It would be sensible to make a pre-conception appointment at your local hospital with an obstetric consultant to review your medical and obstetric history and try to make a plan of care if you were to go ahead and try for another pregnancy.
      If you wish to speak to a midwife, please feel free to call us on 0800 0147800 Mon to Fri 9am- 5pm to discuss this is more detail.
      Sadly, this type of pregnancy loss is often unexplained and no cause to be found. Our miscarriage and stillbirth research centre's exist for this very reason - that we would love to try to find a reason.
      Please take care of yourself.

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 23 Jan 2017 - 16:01

      Lost all my amnotic fluid at 18 weeks but baby and I are still doing good. He is still well but only problem is he may have no lungs to make it outside the womb. Next appointment is the 2nd and they are thinking about taking him out since his chances for stillborn keeps becoming greater.
      Has there ever been any success after birth and a baby make it with just enough to tissue to survive and beat all the odds?

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