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weeks pregnant

6 weeks pregnant – all you need to know

By the end of this week your baby will have grown to the size of an orange pip.

Week 6 infographic.

What does my baby look like?

Your baby looks more like a tadpole than a baby right now, because their back is curved and they have a tail.

Your baby’s heart started beating at 24 days. There’s a bulge where their heart is going to develop. Even at this very early stage, the heartbeat can sometimes be found on a vaginal ultrasound scan.

There’s also a bump where the brain and head are going to grow. Tiny dimples on this bump soon turn into ears and you can see a thick area where the eyes are going to form.

Your baby is covered with a very thin layer of translucent skin.

Get weekly updates on your baby's development from our expert midwives straight to your inbox.

Your pregnancy symptoms in week 6

Are you suffering from cramps, constipation or dizzy spells? Find out about 10 common pregnancy complaints (and how to avoid them). 

Morning sickness

One of the hardest things to cope with in the first trimester is morning sickness. Don’t be fooled by the name, the nausea can hit you at any time of the day. Some women get it and some don’t, some get it in one pregnancy and not the next or vice versa. Researchers have not been able to find the cause of it.

Even if you feel terrible, you don’t need to worry about the baby unless you can’t keep anything at all down. Your baby will get everything he needs from you.

'When I had morning sickness, the only thing that made me feel better was drinking tonic water, although it made me throw up. It took me a long time after giving birth to want a G&T again!' 

Louise, mum of two

Morning sickness remedies

These are some things that women have said have helped them, though there is little research to prove that they work. There is no tried and tested morning sickness remedy other than time.

  • Sparkling water
  • Sucking ice cubes
  • Small frequent meals
  • Travel wristbands
  • Foods and drinks that contain ginger (like ginger biscuits, chamomile and ginger tea, ginger ale and crystallised ginger).

If you find you can't keep anything down, speak to a doctor or midwife.

Pregnancy headaches?

Some women suffer with horrible headaches in pregnancy, which can sometimes be caused by hormones or dehydration. Find out more about how much water you should drink in pregnancy.

The following tips might help:

  • Try to rest when you can
  • Find ways to relax, like pregnancy yoga. Our 10 tips to help you relax in pregnancy is a good place to start. 
  • If you need painkillers, make sure you take the recommended dose.
  • Paracetamol is usually safe to take in pregnancy - but not all pain relief is so if you're thinking about a different pain killer make sure to check with your pharmacist.
  • Have a chat with your midwife or GP about pain relief.

If you have a severe headache that will not go away, it’s important you’re checked out by your GP or midwife. 

Tired and emotional?

Many women find that they get extremely tired during the first three months. Your body is working very hard so it's not surprising.

It can be difficult to cope with the tiredness, as you may not want to share the news of your pregnancy yet.

'I was so excited to be pregnant, but it also made me feel very tired. I could have slept all day and then still be tired when I woke up. It’s an exhaustion like nothing you've ever felt before.'

Louisa, mum of two

Just remember that this stage won't last forever, and the deep tiredness you're feeling usually passes when you reach the second trimester. If you can, get more sleep by going to bed earlier.

You may also feel emotional and tearful over little things, and you may find that your mood is suddenly going up and down because of the pregnancy hormones in your body. This is normal, but if you find that you are feeling sad more than you feel happy and the feeling does not go away speak to a midwife or doctor about it. You can read more about mental wellbeing in pregnancy here.

Are you suffering from anxiety and panic attacks in pregnancy

Smoking and pregnancy

If you’ve just found out you’re pregnant and have been smoking, try not to worry. If you stop smoking now it will make a big difference to your and your baby’s health. We understand it’s a challenge to quit, but there’s lots of help and support out there for you.

Get help to stop smoking.

The risks from secondhand smoke are also high. You might be surprised to learn that 80% of secondhand smoke is invisible and doesn’t smell. This means that if a smoker in your household quits, the benefits to you and your baby are huge, similar to when you stop yourself.

If you’re worried about the amount of secondhand smoke you may be taking in, you can ask your midwife for a Carbon Monoxide (CO) test.


  1. You and your baby at 0–8 weeks pregnant, NHS Choices: (Page last reviewed: 28/02/2017. Next review due: 28/02/2020).
  2. Lennart Nilsson (2009) A Child is Born, Johnathan Cape
  3. NHS Smokefree. Secondhand smoke, (Accessed 25/06/2018 No review dates)
  4. Bustos M, Venkataramanan R, et al (2017) Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy - What's new? Auton Neurosci. 2017 Jan;202:62-72. doi: 10.1016/j.autneu.2016.05.002. Epub 2016 May 13.
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    Last reviewed on June 25th, 2018. Next review date June 25th, 2021.

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    Please note that these comments are monitored but not answered by Tommy’s. Please call your GP or maternity unit if you have concerns about your health or your baby’s health.
    • By Midwife @Tommys on 4 Dec 2017 - 15:20

      Hi, Brown spotting at 6 weeks is not uncommon but if you have back or stomach pain it may be a sign of a miscarriage. Please see your doctor for advice. Best wishes

    • By amy (not verified) on 20 Nov 2017 - 20:15

      Hyatt I had a misscarage in augast I have just found out I am 6 weeks pregnant I had a viganel scan last week and so far so good I'm just worried over pains in my back and I'm suffering with wind what can I take just its very uncomfortable thank you

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 22 Nov 2017 - 09:22

      Hi Amy. Congratulations on your pregnancy.
      Peppermint water, which you can buy from any pharmacy/chemist can help with wind- esp if you drink it mixed in with hot water.
      Having back pain could be a sign of a urine infection, so it is really important that you go to your GP asap to get your urine dip sticked and sent off and for antibiotics to be started if you do have a urine infection. Uti's in pregnancy can cause all sorts of pain and problems, so it is vital that you go asap to be seen and get treated.
      Feel free to contact us again if you need any further help.

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 18 Nov 2017 - 10:58

      I woke up early this morning with agonising pain in my lower left side and abdomen, I went to the bathroom to find I had started spotting, which has now turned into heavy bleeding.
      Is this the start of the end of my pregnancy?

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 20 Nov 2017 - 09:33

      Hi there. It is vitally important that if you have severe pain, focused mostly on one side on your abdomen, that you go to seek urgent medical review in A&E now. Having pain on one side, in early pregnancy, can be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy, where the fetus grows in the Fallopian tube. This is incredibly dangerous to the pregnant woman as it risks rupture and internal bleeding. If you seek review, and the scan reveals that the pregnancy is not ectopic, then there could be many other less ominous causes of this spotting. But it is so important that you rule this one out first! Please get checked out ASAP!
      Look after yourself!

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 11 Nov 2017 - 01:36

      I'm 6week pregnant and some times I feel abdominal pain yeturday I massage my understomach with ice cube now I 'm worried that thing effect my baby growth

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 13 Nov 2017 - 13:45

      Please try not to worry. This would not affect the growth of the baby. It would be a good idea to look at your diet to see if there is anything that is giving you the symptoms of abdominal pain. Sometimes eating smaller portions more regularly can help. Best wishes

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 5 Nov 2017 - 03:47

      Hello my name is Lisa it's 5 weeks I haven't really been feeling any pain also doesn't feel like I'm pregnant is it because I'm still early in my pregnancy. I have aslo notice when it comes eating I can't eat alot amount of food or I will start feeling kinda sick. Is this normal in pregnancy?

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 6 Nov 2017 - 14:53

      Hello Lisa
      Yes this is quite normal and nothing to worry about. Just try to eat little and often and drink enough water to keep you well hydrated. Read our page about early pregnancy and you can try some of our delicious recipes.

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 10 Nov 2017 - 09:11

      Is it normal to fill acheness and cramps on lower sides and also have been feeling like sickly but not being sick which comes and goes through the day and night also keep waking up at night as change positions to sleep as can’t get that comfortable but find going to the bathroom helps I also feels so tired even wen I slept gud iv got craving for sweet things like short bread cakes and strawberry’s with cream.

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 10 Nov 2017 - 11:07

      Feeling some aches and nausea is very common in pregnancy, you do not say how many weeks pregnant you are, however symptoms can come and go during the whole of the pregnancy. Do speak with your midwife about your on going tiredness, again this can be very normal part of pregnancy however it is important to make sure that your iron levels are not too low. I understand you are craving sweet foods however these will make you feel even more tired, so try to snack little and often to keep your blood sugars level and stick to healthy options where possible. If we can support you further then please do email us [email protected]

    • By Elle (not verified) on 2 Nov 2017 - 19:35

      Hi there,

      I have always had problems with my bowels, and Severe IBS symptoms. I am 6 weeks pregnant and I am getting terrible cramps just before and after opening my bowels. It feels like a deep ache and takes 15 -20 minutes to pass.

      I am still waiting for my midwife appointment and I am so worried about this. Please can you help? Thank you x

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 3 Nov 2017 - 10:22

      Hi, sorry to hear that you are suffering so much.
      As a first step we would advise to make sure that your diet is high in fibre with plenty of fruits and vegetables, to drink plenty of water and do regular exercise so to avoid constipation and to make opening your bowels as comfortable as possible.
      Please be reassured that from what you have described, it is very unlikely to be posing a risk to your pregnancy however if this continues and you are concerned then do go and see your GP to be reviewed.
      Take care, Tommy's midwives

    • By Emma (not verified) on 5 Oct 2017 - 09:33

      Hi there. Thanks for this column it's so helpful. Am 6 weeks pregnant and Am wondering what precautions to take to have a safe pregnancy journey. This is my 4th pregnancy and I will be undergoing a 4th C Section.
      Regards from Kenya.

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 5 Oct 2017 - 11:12

      Thank you for your comment and that you have found our website helpful-congratulations on your pregnancy!
      I would advise you to book in to your local Maternity unit as soon as possible so that you can have your dating scan and start your pregnancy care. In the UK this would involve an initial booking appointment with a midwife and then regular appointments throughout the pregnancy; I expect there is a similar system in Kenya.
      I have attached a link to information that you may find helpful to have a safe pregnancy; always seek advise as soon as possible if you have any worrying symptoms or concerns at any time.

      Take care
      Tommy's Midwife

    • By Terri (not verified) on 11 Sep 2017 - 11:53

      Hi I am 7 weeks along and last night and this morning I was having bad cramps they wor very painful I'm so nervous that something's wrong is this normal ??

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 11 Sep 2017 - 12:39

      Hi - it is important that any abdominal pain in pregnancy is reviewed urgently. Please visit your GP or your local A&E if the pain is severe.

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 4 Sep 2017 - 22:04

      am feeling the symptoms of pregnant but still see my period that last for 2 days is their any problem

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 5 Sep 2017 - 13:44

      thanks for posting. Have you done a pregnancy test? If it is positive it may be that this is not a proper period but a breakthrough bleed or implantation bleeding at a similar time to when your period was due. The bleeding is usually lighter with a brownish tint and resolves within hours to a few days, unlike a period that is a redder blood and continues to become heavier.
      I hope this helps.
      Best wishes
      Anna-Tommy's Midwives

    • By Sval (not verified) on 3 Sep 2017 - 13:44

      Hi I am checking for my pregnancy since I missed my period.. all time it's showing positive. My only worry is I am getting cramps on my legs often like getting periods. I am having my ob appointment in 24 days. What can I do to get rid of this cramps. ?? Is this a sign of miscarrage. ? I don't have anything like this in my previous pregnancy

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 5 Sep 2017 - 13:34

      Hi Sval,
      thanks for your post. Are you suffering from really bad leg cramps in early pregnancy? Sounds horrible. Leg cramps are quite common in early pregnancy and we think it is to do with congestion in the pelvic area that puts pressure on nerves and blood vessels in your legs.
      You can try to do some stretches regularly flexing your feet, you could try some leg massage or go for a professional massage with someone who treats pregnant women regularly.
      It may also be due to a deficiency in certain minerals like calcium, potassium and phosphorus so eating a healthy balanced diet with this in mind might help or you could look at taking supplements but check first with your pharmacist or doctor.
      Be sure to be seen if you have localised pain, redness or swelling in one leg as this can be a sign of a DVT that is more likely in pregnancy.
      I hope the cramps become less of a problem in your pregnancy.
      Best wishes
      Anna -Tommy's Midwife

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 31 Aug 2017 - 06:42

      Hi I did home test pregnancy it comes negative but I sometimes feel dizzy having sore breasts n am gaining weight

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 31 Aug 2017 - 10:14

      Hi, Thank you for your comment.
      You are showing some common signs of pregnancy. Sometimes women can do a pregnancy test too early so if you think you may be pregnant then wait a day or so and if you have missed your period then do another test, if it is still negative and you have no period then you can visit your GP who can perform a blood test that checks for the pregnancy hormone HCG in the blood, it is a sensitive test so this will show if you are pregnant or not. Take Care, Tommy's Midwives x

    • By Aliyah (not verified) on 11 Aug 2017 - 05:43

      have been having pains in my breasts and nipples for 2weeks now ND my stomach feels full, Wen I lay on my stomach I feel like der is something inside my stomach nd this cramps lyk period pain nd I get tired just to get up nd pick up something. I already have 3 pregnancy test but came out negative and a blood test also negative. please am so worried.thnx

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 11 Aug 2017 - 09:46

      Hi, if you have done several pregnancy tests and had a blood test confirming that you are not pregnant then you can be rest assured that you are not pregnant. The blood test is the most sensitive and can pick up a pregnancy earlier than a home urine test. If you symptoms are continuing then you can speak with your GP to rule out anything medical that you maybe experiencing. Take care, Tommy' midwives x

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 9 Aug 2017 - 20:52

      Hi I'm 6 weeks pregnant today and I've known since 4 weeks so quite early, I have pcos and conceived using clomid. I don't feel pregnant yet I'm not sick, boobs are a bit tender but that's my only symptom I have a scan a 7 weeks as we conceived using treatment, but I'm terrified they will scan and nothing will be there I've take 5 positive tests but still have such anxiety about it

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 10 Aug 2017 - 11:26

      Hi Thank you for your comment.

      It is very normal to feel anxious at this time. As you have been taking clomid you may not of thought that you would get pregnant so soon but you have and that such great news. There is nothing to suggest that there will be any problems at your scan, you are still having positive pregnancy tests. It is very normal not to 'feel' pregnant in the early days, sometimes it can take more time for symptoms to appear or they may not come at all, pregnancy symptoms are very different for every woman but it doesn't mean that there is a problem.

      Be kind to yourself and try and be relaxed as much as you can, that is easier said then done. Maybe try some mindfulness to help you relax and talk to your partner, family or friends about how you are feeling, being able to talk about your feelings with someone will hopefully lift some of the anxiety and will give you reassurance. Hope that this helps, you can always contact the Tommy's Midwives on 0800 0147 800 Monday to Friday 9am-5pm or email on [email protected] Take Care, Tommy's Midwives x

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 7 Aug 2017 - 11:49

      Hi i had a test last week and just found out im 6 wks pregnant, i don't have morning sickness, but very tired,lost of appetite and cramps and back aches.. I am worried as this is my first baby and im 23 years old. Would you suggest i can see the doctor to confirm if everything is normal or should i wait till like 10 wks?

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 7 Aug 2017 - 12:00

      Hi, Congratulations for finding our pregnancy information. I hope we will continue to be a source of information to you throughout your pregnancy. These symptoms sound very normal but I would suggest that you make an appointment to see your GP who can make the referral to the hospital of your choice or to a local midwife. The booking appointment, scans and blood tests can then be arranged. Best wishes

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 28 Jun 2017 - 11:25

      I'm in my 6weeks, I feel so tired to do anything, loss of appetite, please what can I do?

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 29 Jun 2017 - 12:44

      Hi, Thank you for your comment. It is very normal to feel tired during the early stages of pregnancy. If you are feeling tired during the day then take regular breaks and if you are at home, listen to your body and get some sleep. Loss of appetite is also common in early pregnancy. This can be due to all the hormones in your body which may also cause nausea and vomiting. Try and eat little and often, this could be crackers or a piece of fruit, something light to begin with. Try to avoid strong smelling foods as this may make you feel nauseous. It may be that you prefer to eat cold foods rather then hot foods or visa versa but just eat what works best for you. What is important is that you drink plenty of fluids so that you remain well hydrated and continue to take your pregnancy vitamins. These feelings should start to pass once you get into the 2nd trimester. If it doesn't get any better then we would advice speaking to your GP or midwife to see if you need any dietary advice or further treatment. Hope that this helps. Tommy's Midwives x

    • By tash (not verified) on 16 Apr 2017 - 13:48

      I am having a lot of pregnancy symptoms but I did a test 2 days before my due day it's negative and I was 5 days last on my period on the 6 day I start bleeding I went to the doctor but she told me just take a test again which I did and it's negative and she tell me take in a week time with will be on the 18 of april . I bleed for 1 day and spot for the other two days can you tell me if am pregnant .

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 18 Apr 2017 - 09:46

      Hi - your GP's advice to repeat a pregnancy test is the only way of confirming if you are pregnant. have a look at our webpage
      for further information on how pregnancy tests work and symptoms of early pregnancy.
      Best wishes

    • By shawna (not verified) on 7 Apr 2017 - 15:32

      I'm 6 weeks pregnant and every time I eat or drink I feel so full

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 7 Apr 2017 - 15:44

      Hi, it is common to feel like this during pregnancy. Many women often feel bloated and full, this usually will improve as the pregnancy continues. Try to eat little and often and just drink sips of water throughout the day.

    • By Lisa (not verified) on 30 Mar 2017 - 19:08

      Hi,am in my 6 weeks along pregnant,and i dnt feel any of d symptoms apart from morning sickness,what ll i do to feel better?and also my boobs dose not hurt at all.pls advice me.tanks

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 31 Mar 2017 - 15:10

      Hi, pregnancy symptoms vary hugely between pregnancies and between women also. They can also come and go, whilst some women do not get any at all. Try not to worry that you are not noticing any symptoms.

    • By Lucy (not verified) on 25 Mar 2017 - 19:43

      I am 6 weeks pregnant, and I am very emotional this is my first child I am 18 and doing this on my own so it's all new to me i only found out a few days ago but I'm extremely thirsty all the time, and no food is appealing to me I've lost my appetite completely, also I keep being sick but ofcourse i haven't eaten much although I do try to eat something for the baby's sake. Any help or advise would be very much appreciated as I want the best for my baby.

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 27 Mar 2017 - 09:41

      Hi Lucy.
      Feeling thirsty can be a common symptom in pregnancy and usually nothing to worry about, especially so early on. Try to drink plenty of water to keep yourself well hydrated, especially if you are not feeling able to eat much. Eating little and often will help with the feeling of nausea, even if you don't feel like eating much, a plain biscuit or cracker might help to make you feel a little better. Please feel free to email us on [email protected] or call us on 0800 0147800 if you wish to speak to a midwife in a more private way. Please take good care of yourself!

    • By Jones (not verified) on 13 Mar 2017 - 16:02

      Hi I just found out I'm pregnant and I'm 6 weeks. I am out of town and normally I have to take progesterone. What should I do? I dont wanna miscarry but I'm not in home town

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 14 Mar 2017 - 09:17

      Congratulations on your pregnancy!
      I would advise contacting your GP for advice on what to do. Alternatively if you are under the care of a specialist clinic please contact them for advice.

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 11 Mar 2017 - 13:00

      Hi there i am 6 weeks pregnant coming on to my 7th week I have had a stich like feeling on one side of my pelvis it lasted for about 30 mins to 1 hour. this is my first expectance is this anything to be worried about ?

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 13 Mar 2017 - 10:33

      Hi. This isn't usually anything to be concerned about and it is reassuring that it lasted only for a short time. Remember to keep well hydrated and consider a regular exercise regime. If the stitch returns and lasts for several hours it would be sensible to see your GP. Best wishes

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 28 Feb 2017 - 14:45

      Hi I lost a baby a few year back and I've just found out I'm inmy early stages of pregnancy only 6 weeks I'm suffering from back in the middle of my back should I be concerned I had a scan in Friday and everything was there and I seen the heartbeat but I'm still really worried.

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 3 Mar 2017 - 11:49

      Hi. Apologies for late reply to this post. It is unlikely that this back ache is anything to worry about and good news that you had a positive scan last week. Keep yourself well and look at our page about exercise in pregnancy as this can help to reduce aches and pains. Best wishes

    • By LolaK (not verified) on 25 Feb 2017 - 17:48

      Hi, I'm 6 weeks pregnant, last year I lost a baby at 11 weeks. Although this pregnancy is stronger my sickness nausea keeps coming and going- is this normal? I'm just just scared of losing another baby and I seem to keep focusing on things and want to put my mind at ease. Thank you

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 27 Feb 2017 - 10:20

      Hi LolaK
      Congratulations on your pregnancy. It is completely normal to be anxious during a pregnancy following a baby loss. Please ensure you get good support from your GP and Midwife in this pregnancy with regular appointments.
      Pregnancy nausea and vomiting can come and go throughout pregnancy. It's absence does not mean that the pregnancy is failing. Fluctuations in pregnancy hormones are mostly the root cause of nausea coming and going. Please feel free to call us on the pregnancyline if you wish to speak to a midwife in more depth and put your mind at ease.
      Take care of yourself.

    • By LolaK (not verified) on 28 Feb 2017 - 06:56

      Thank you, this has made me feel so much better

    • By Anonymous (not verified) on 17 Feb 2017 - 12:08

      Hi, I'm 6 weeks pregnant & have just been talked into having a flu vaccine by my practise nurse. I would have preferred to wait until after 12 weeks or a discussion with a midwife but was advised repeatedly that it was safe in early pregnancy. Now I'm terrified of any damage to the fetus. Can you advise me please? I've also checked the minute ingredients in preparation such as formaldehyde & gentamicin & frightened myself even more! Can you please advise me?

    • By Midwife @Tommys on 17 Feb 2017 - 12:51

      Please try not to worry, the flu vaccine is recommended for every pregnant woman and can be given at any stage in pregnancy. Many studies have shown the vaccine to be safe in pregnancy and there is no risk of harm to the fetus. If you want to talk further then please do email us [email protected]

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